Ku Klux Klan
A group of people against blacks, Jews and Catholics.
Alfred E. Smith
The first Catholic nominated to be the president of the United States.
Bishop Cardinal Spellman
Archbishop for the military servicemen and women in war zones. He was a voice against communism throughout World War II.
John F. Kennedy
The first Catholic elected President
American Civil War
The civil war fought in the United States from 1861 to 1865 between the North and the slave-owning states of the South.
The Catholics were torn over slavery.
Hitler and Mussolini
Dictators in Germany and Italy. They were enemies of the Church.
Lateran Treaty of 1929
Pope Benedict XV
He pleaded for peace during World War I.
Pope Pius XI
He issued an encyclical in 1931 called the Quadragesimo Anno in response to the Great Depression.
Pope Pius XII
He lead the Church through World War II. He appointed Archbishop Spellman. He was the voice against communism.
Pope John XXIII
reigned as Pope from 1958-1963, sparked a Catholic revival and summoned Vatican II that liberalized (modernized) a number of Catholic practices
After forty years of Rerum Novarum. It was in response to the Great Depression.
The Baltimore Catechism is a straightforward question and answer book to teach young Catholics their faith.
Latin word for updating or renewing.
The fourth part of the areas of change.
First Plenary Council: 1852
- to establish a Catholic School with every Catholic parish
Second Plenary Council: 1866
-same as the first
Third Plenary Council: 1884
-voted to establish a nationwide Catholic school system with the goal of having every Catholic child in the United States enrolled in a Catholic School
Second Vatican Council
-Pope John XXII called the bishops of the world into a council because the Church needed to renew itself with the guidance of the Holy Spirit. (renewing/aggiornamento)
-It was about the Holy Spirit breathing in new energy and excitement into our lives as disciples of Jesus.
-The council restored practices of the early Church.
This divided the continent.
-liberated by British /American troops
-liberated by Soviet Union
-people at mercy of communist rulers
This was the dividing line that ran through Germany.