Ch 17: Progressive Era

27 terms by jstucki 

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Progressive Movement

aimed to return control of the government to the people through reform.

Florence Kelley

advocate for improving the lives of women and children

Prohibition

the banning of alcoholic beverages, moral improvement.

muckrakers

Journalists who wrote about the corrupt side of business and public life in mass circulation.

scientific management

improving efficiency through the study of manufacturing tasks and processes

Robert M. La Follette

progressive Republican Governor of Wisconsin, regulated big business

initiative

a bill organized by the people instead of lawmakers.

referendum

a vote on an initiative, voted on by the people instead of the legislature.

recall

enabled voters to remove public officials from elected positions by forcing them to face another election before the end of their term if enough voters asked for it.

Seventeenth Amendment

Approved 1912, ratified 1913, allowed for the direct election of senators through primaries.

NACW

1896, National Association of Colored Women founded by merging 2 earlier organizations.

Susan B. Anthony

a leader for women's right to vote

suffrage

the right to vote

NAWSA

National Women Suffrage Association merging with another group to form the (National American Women Suffrage Association).

Upton Sinclair

muckraker, focused on human condition in the stockyards of Chicago.

The Jungle

book written by Sinclair about stockyards and bad conditions.

Theodore Roosevelt

POTUS, elected 1904, youngest president @ 42 years old.

Square Deal

used to describe the various progressive reforms sponsored by the Roosevelt administration.

Meat Inspection Act

detailed strict cleanliness requirements for meat packers. instituted process of federal meat inspection.

Pure Food and Drug act

halted the sale of contaminated foods and medicines and called for truth in labeling.

conservation

preserving some wilderness areas while other were developed for the common good.

NAACP

the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, aimed for full equality among the races.

Gifford Pinchot

head of the US Forest Service under Roosevelt

Payne-Aldrich Tariff

compromise that moderated the high rates of the Aldrich Bill.

William Howard Taft

ran in election of 1908, picked by Roosevelt. Ran against William Jennings Bryan, who was Democratic nominee.

Bull Moose Party

the new name for the Progressive Party.

Woodrow Wilson

1912 Democratic candidate from New Jersy

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