Sexuality Exam 4

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failure rate

The number of women out of 100 who become pregnant by the end of 1 year of using a particular contraceptive is known as the ________ _________.

backup methods

Contraceptive methods used simultaneously with another method to support it is known as __________ _________.

contstant-dose combination pills

Birth control pills that contain a constant daily dose of estrogen are known as _________-__________ ________ _________.

triphasic pills

_________ pills are birth control pills that vary the dosages of estrogen and progestin during the menstrual cycle.

seasonale

_________ are birth control pills that reduce the menstrual periods to four times a year.

progestin-only pills

_______-________ pills are contraceptive pills that contain a small dose of progestin and no estrogen.

intrauterine device (IUD)

A small, plastic device that is inserted into the uterus for contraception is known as a ________ device (IUD).

emergency contraception

Hormone pills or an IUD that can be used after unprotected intercourse to prevent pregnancy is known as _________ __________.

fertility awareness methods

Birth control methods that use the signs of cyclic fertility to prevent or plan contraception are known as _______ ________ methods.

standard days method

A birth control method that requires couples to avoid unprotected intercourse for a 12-day period in the middle of the menstrual cycle is known as the ________ __________ method.

mucus method

A birth control method based on determining the time of ovulation by means of the cyclical changes of the cervical mucus is known as the _________ method.

calendar method

A birth control method based on abstinence from intercourse during calendar-estimated fertile days is known as the _______ method.

basal body temperature method

A birth control method based on body temperature changes before and after ovulation is known as the _______ _________ _________ method.

tubal sterilization

Female sterilization accomplished by severing or tying the fallopian tubes is known as _______ sterilization.

transcervical sterilization

A method of female sterilization using a tiny coild that is inserted through the vagina, cervix, and uterus into the fallopian tubes is known as _________ sterilization.

vasectomy

Male sterilization accomplished by cutting and closing each vas deferens is known as a _________.

varicocele

A damaged or enlarged vein in the testis or vas deferens is known as a _________.

intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)

A procedure in which a single sperm is injected into an egg is known as a _________ _________ injection.

artificial insemination

A medical procedure in which semen is placed in a woman's vagina, cervix, or uterus is known as __________ ___________.

surrogate mother

A woman who is artificially inseminated by the male partner in a childless couple, carries the pregnancy to term, delivers the child, and gives it to the couple for adoption is known as a _________ ________.

assisted reproductive technology (ART)

The techniques of extrauterine conception is known as _________ ________ ________.

in vitro fertilization (IVF)

Procedure in which mature eggs are removed from a woman's ovary and fertilized by sperm in a laboratory dish is known as _________ _______ ________.

zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)

Procedure in which an egg is fertilized in the laboratory and then placed in a fallopian tube is known as __________ _________ _________.

gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)

Procedure in which the sperm and ovum are placed directly in a fallopian tube is known as _________ __________ _________.

human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)

A hormone that is detectable in the urine of a pregnant woman within 1 month of conception is known as a __________ _________ _________.

spontaneous abortion

The spontaneous expulsion of the fetus from the uterus early in pregnancy, before it can survive on its own is known as a __________ _________, or a miscarriage.

elective abortion

A medical procedure that is performed to terminate pregnancy is known as an _________ ________.

medical abortion

The use of medications to end a pregnancy of 7 weeks or less is known as a _________ ________.

dilation and evacuation (DandE)

An abortion procedure in which a curette and suction equipment is used is known as _________ and _________.

prostaglandins

Hormones that are used to induce uterine contractions and fetal expulsion for second trimester abortions are known as __________.

late-term abortion (intact dilation and evacuation)

An abortion done between 20-24 weeks when serious health risks to the woman or severe fetal abnormalities exist is known as ________-_______ abortion.

zygote

The single cell resulting from the union of sperm and egg cells is known as a __________.

blastocyst

The multicellular descendant of the united sperm and ovum that implants on the wall of the uterus is known as a _________.

vernix caseosa

A waxy, protective substance on the fetus's skin is known as the ________ _______.

first-stage labor

The initial stage of childbirth in which regular contractions beign and the cervix dilates is known as _______-________ labor.

effacement

Flattening and thinning of the cervix that occurs before and during childbirth is known as _________.

second-stage labor

The middle stage of labor, in which the infant descends through the vaginal canal is known as ______-_______ labor.

third-stage labor

The last stage of childbirth, in which the placenta separates from the uterine wall and comes out of the vagina is known as _______-_______ labor.

afterbirth

The placenta and amniotic sac following their expulsion through the vagina after childbirth is known as ________.

cesarean section (C-section)

A childbirth procedure in which the infant is removed through an incision in the abdomen and uterus is known as a ________ _________.

postpartum period

The first several weeks after childbirth is known as the ________ ________.

postpartum depression (PPD)

Symptoms of depression and possibly obsessive thoughts of hurting the baby is known as _______ _______.

colostrum

A thin fluid secreted by the breasts during later stages of pregnancy and the first few days after delivery is known as ________.

lochia

A reddish uterine discharge that occurs after childbirth is known as _______.

episiotomy

An incision in the perineum that is sometimes made during childbirth is known as an ________.

cohabitation

Living together and having a sexual relationship without being married is known as a _______.

domestic partnership

An unmarried couple living in the same household in a committed relationship is known as a __________ _________.

matriarchal society

A society in which women carry the family name through generations, and women govern the economic and social affairs of the community is known as a _________ society.

nonmonagamy

A sexual interaction outside of a couple relationship is known as _________.

consensual extramarital relationship

A sexual relationship that occurs outside the marriage bond with the consent of one's spouse is known as a ________ __________ __________.

swinging

The exchange of marital partners for sexual interaction is known as __________.

open marriage

A marriage in which spouses, with each other's permission, have intimate relationships with other people as well as with the marital partner is known as an _________ marriage.

polyamory

Multiple consensual sexual relationships of trios, groups of couples, and intentionally created families that emphasize emotional commitment is known as ___________.

nonconsensual extramarital sex

Sexual interaction in which a married person engages in an outside sexual relationship without the consent (or presumably, the knowledge) of his or her spouse is known as a ________ _________ sex.

menopause

Birth control does not delay ________.

abortion

Anti-contraceptive religious groups view contraception as a slippery slope toward _______.

diaphragm and spermicide

Even when used correctly, which is the LEAST effective birth control method?

guilty

Research has indicated that individuals who feel ________ about sex are likely to use contraception ineffectively.

hypertension

Taking oral contraceptives decreases the possibility of benign breast disease, acne, and menstrual cramps, but does not reduce the possibility of _________.

vaginal spermicides

________ _________ may increase the incidence of yeast infections and urinary tract infections.

six

A woman may insert a diaphragm as long as _______ hours prior to intercourse and have it still be effective.

diaphragm

An IUD is more effective than using a _________.

progestins

One form of emergency contraceptive includes giving larger than normal doses of estrogens or _________.

cervical cap

A major advantage of the _______ _____ is the relative lack of side effects.

drops

Immediately prior to ovulation, a woman's body temperature _______ slightly.

20-24

____-____ years is when a woman's fertility typically peaks.

Variocole

A _______ is a major cause of infertility in men.

expensive

Assisted reproductive technologies are ________ with varying success rates.

viability

________ is a term used to describe the ability of the fetus to survive independently of the woman's body.

first trimester

By the end of the _______ trimester, the internal organs of the fetus begin limited functioning.

35

Women over _____ years of age may have higher rates of premature delivery and low birth-weight babies than younger women.

tests

Most ________ tests involve detecting the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin.

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