The number of women out of 100 who become pregnant by the end of 1 year of using a particular contraceptive is known as the ________ _________.
Contraceptive methods used simultaneously with another method to support it is known as __________ _________.
contstant-dose combination pills
Birth control pills that contain a constant daily dose of estrogen are known as _________-__________ ________ _________.
_________ pills are birth control pills that vary the dosages of estrogen and progestin during the menstrual cycle.
_________ are birth control pills that reduce the menstrual periods to four times a year.
_______-________ pills are contraceptive pills that contain a small dose of progestin and no estrogen.
intrauterine device (IUD)
A small, plastic device that is inserted into the uterus for contraception is known as a ________ device (IUD).
Hormone pills or an IUD that can be used after unprotected intercourse to prevent pregnancy is known as _________ __________.
fertility awareness methods
Birth control methods that use the signs of cyclic fertility to prevent or plan contraception are known as _______ ________ methods.
standard days method
A birth control method that requires couples to avoid unprotected intercourse for a 12-day period in the middle of the menstrual cycle is known as the ________ __________ method.
A birth control method based on determining the time of ovulation by means of the cyclical changes of the cervical mucus is known as the _________ method.
A birth control method based on abstinence from intercourse during calendar-estimated fertile days is known as the _______ method.
basal body temperature method
A birth control method based on body temperature changes before and after ovulation is known as the _______ _________ _________ method.
Female sterilization accomplished by severing or tying the fallopian tubes is known as _______ sterilization.
A method of female sterilization using a tiny coild that is inserted through the vagina, cervix, and uterus into the fallopian tubes is known as _________ sterilization.
Male sterilization accomplished by cutting and closing each vas deferens is known as a _________.
A damaged or enlarged vein in the testis or vas deferens is known as a _________.
intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)
A procedure in which a single sperm is injected into an egg is known as a _________ _________ injection.
A medical procedure in which semen is placed in a woman's vagina, cervix, or uterus is known as __________ ___________.
A woman who is artificially inseminated by the male partner in a childless couple, carries the pregnancy to term, delivers the child, and gives it to the couple for adoption is known as a _________ ________.
assisted reproductive technology (ART)
The techniques of extrauterine conception is known as _________ ________ ________.
in vitro fertilization (IVF)
Procedure in which mature eggs are removed from a woman's ovary and fertilized by sperm in a laboratory dish is known as _________ _______ ________.
zygote intrafallopian transfer (ZIFT)
Procedure in which an egg is fertilized in the laboratory and then placed in a fallopian tube is known as __________ _________ _________.
gamete intrafallopian transfer (GIFT)
Procedure in which the sperm and ovum are placed directly in a fallopian tube is known as _________ __________ _________.
human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)
A hormone that is detectable in the urine of a pregnant woman within 1 month of conception is known as a __________ _________ _________.
The spontaneous expulsion of the fetus from the uterus early in pregnancy, before it can survive on its own is known as a __________ _________, or a miscarriage.
A medical procedure that is performed to terminate pregnancy is known as an _________ ________.
The use of medications to end a pregnancy of 7 weeks or less is known as a _________ ________.
dilation and evacuation (DandE)
An abortion procedure in which a curette and suction equipment is used is known as _________ and _________.
Hormones that are used to induce uterine contractions and fetal expulsion for second trimester abortions are known as __________.
late-term abortion (intact dilation and evacuation)
An abortion done between 20-24 weeks when serious health risks to the woman or severe fetal abnormalities exist is known as ________-_______ abortion.
The single cell resulting from the union of sperm and egg cells is known as a __________.
The multicellular descendant of the united sperm and ovum that implants on the wall of the uterus is known as a _________.
A waxy, protective substance on the fetus's skin is known as the ________ _______.
The initial stage of childbirth in which regular contractions beign and the cervix dilates is known as _______-________ labor.
Flattening and thinning of the cervix that occurs before and during childbirth is known as _________.
The middle stage of labor, in which the infant descends through the vaginal canal is known as ______-_______ labor.
The last stage of childbirth, in which the placenta separates from the uterine wall and comes out of the vagina is known as _______-_______ labor.
The placenta and amniotic sac following their expulsion through the vagina after childbirth is known as ________.
cesarean section (C-section)
A childbirth procedure in which the infant is removed through an incision in the abdomen and uterus is known as a ________ _________.
The first several weeks after childbirth is known as the ________ ________.
postpartum depression (PPD)
Symptoms of depression and possibly obsessive thoughts of hurting the baby is known as _______ _______.
A thin fluid secreted by the breasts during later stages of pregnancy and the first few days after delivery is known as ________.
A reddish uterine discharge that occurs after childbirth is known as _______.
An incision in the perineum that is sometimes made during childbirth is known as an ________.
Living together and having a sexual relationship without being married is known as a _______.
An unmarried couple living in the same household in a committed relationship is known as a __________ _________.
A society in which women carry the family name through generations, and women govern the economic and social affairs of the community is known as a _________ society.
A sexual interaction outside of a couple relationship is known as _________.
consensual extramarital relationship
A sexual relationship that occurs outside the marriage bond with the consent of one's spouse is known as a ________ __________ __________.
The exchange of marital partners for sexual interaction is known as __________.
A marriage in which spouses, with each other's permission, have intimate relationships with other people as well as with the marital partner is known as an _________ marriage.
Multiple consensual sexual relationships of trios, groups of couples, and intentionally created families that emphasize emotional commitment is known as ___________.
nonconsensual extramarital sex
Sexual interaction in which a married person engages in an outside sexual relationship without the consent (or presumably, the knowledge) of his or her spouse is known as a ________ _________ sex.
Birth control does not delay ________.
Anti-contraceptive religious groups view contraception as a slippery slope toward _______.
diaphragm and spermicide
Even when used correctly, which is the LEAST effective birth control method?
Research has indicated that individuals who feel ________ about sex are likely to use contraception ineffectively.
Taking oral contraceptives decreases the possibility of benign breast disease, acne, and menstrual cramps, but does not reduce the possibility of _________.
________ _________ may increase the incidence of yeast infections and urinary tract infections.
A woman may insert a diaphragm as long as _______ hours prior to intercourse and have it still be effective.
An IUD is more effective than using a _________.
One form of emergency contraceptive includes giving larger than normal doses of estrogens or _________.
A major advantage of the _______ _____ is the relative lack of side effects.
Immediately prior to ovulation, a woman's body temperature _______ slightly.
____-____ years is when a woman's fertility typically peaks.
A _______ is a major cause of infertility in men.
Assisted reproductive technologies are ________ with varying success rates.
________ is a term used to describe the ability of the fetus to survive independently of the woman's body.
By the end of the _______ trimester, the internal organs of the fetus begin limited functioning.
Women over _____ years of age may have higher rates of premature delivery and low birth-weight babies than younger women.
Most ________ tests involve detecting the presence of human chorionic gonadotropin.