Chapter 51 Assisting in the Analysis of Urine

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Chapter 51 Assisting in the Analysis of urine, from the Kinn's medical assisting book

Amorphous

Lacking a defined shape.

Bilirubinuria

Presence of bilirubin in the urine.

Casts

Tubular sturctures found in urine composed mainly of muscoprotein secreted by certain cells of the kidney

Colony-forming units(CFU)

Term used when reporting bacteriuria, one CFU represents one bacterium present in the urine sample.

Crenate

Forming notches or leaflike scalloped edges on an object

Culture and sensitivity

A procedure peformed in the microbology laboratory in which a specimen is cultured on artificial media to detect bacteria or fungal growth, followd by appropriate screening for antibiotic sensitivity

Crytpscopy

A telescopic examination of the urinary bladder.

Enzymatic reaction

Chemical reaction controlled by an emzyme

Filtrate

Fluid that remains after a liquid is passed through a membranous filter

Glycosuria

Presence of glucose in the urine

gold standard

A paragon of execllence, the one to which all others are compared

ischemia

Decrased blood flow to a body part or ogan caused by constriction or plugging of the supplying artery

metabolite

The product of the metabolism of a substance such as a drug

Mononuclear white blood cells

Leukocytes having an unsegmented nucleus, monocytes and lymphocytes in paticular

myoglobinuria

Abnormal preaence of a hemoglobin-like chemical of muscle tissue in urine that is the result of muscle deterioration

Phenylalanine

Essential amino acid found in milk, eggs, and other foods

Polymorphonuclear white blood cells

Leukocytes having a segmented nucleus also known as polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) or segmented neutrophils

refractile

Causing light to refract, thus creating a sharp boundary or image.

renal thresholds

Levels above which substance cannot be reabsorbed by the renal tubules and are therfore excreted in the urine

supravital

Of, relating to, or capable of staining living cells after their removal from a living or recently dead organism

voided

Urinated

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