5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Kamikaze attacks
- Jeannette Rankin
- V-E Day (May 8, 1945)
- Island hopping
- Invasion of the Philippines
- a suicide attacks from Japanese aircraft
- b the first woman in the U.S. Congress. A Republican, she was elected statewide in Montana in 1916 and again in 1940. A lifelong pacifist, she voted against the entry of the United States into both World War I and World War II, the only member of Congress to vote against the latter
- c military strategy employed by the Allies in the Pacific War against Japan and the Axis powers during World War II. The idea was to bypass heavily fortified Japanese positions and instead concentrate the limited Allied resources on strategically important islands that were not well defended but capable of supporting the drive to the main islands of Japan.
- d As Russia pushed the Germans back into Germany and reached the suburbs of Berlin, the new German government surrendered unconditionally on May 8, 1943, Americans celebrated this Victory in Europe day with ticker tape parades and dancing in the streets. Afterward, U.S. turned its full attention to the War in the Pacific
- e the U.S. recaptured the Philippines from Japan on their way to reaching Japan
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Republican presidential candidate versus Roosevelt in the election of 1940. He lost, but put up a good "race."
- the first air raid by the United States to strike the Japanese Home Islands (specifically Honshu) during World War II. By demonstrating that Japan itself was vulnerable to American air attack, it provided a vital morale boost and opportunity for U.S. retaliation after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor on 7 December 1941
- Roosevelt ordered that conscription be resumed in preparation for the possibility of war
- Stalin, FDR, and Churchill, leaders of the Allies
- December, 1944-January, 1945 - After recapturing France, the Allied advance became stalled along the German border. In the winter of 1944, Germany staged a massive counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile "______" into the Allied lines. The Allies stopped the German advance and threw them back across the Rhine with heavy losses.
5 True/False Questions
Teheran conference (1943) → December, 1943 - A meeting between FDR, Churchill and Stalin in Iran to discuss coordination of military efforts against Germany, they repeated the pledge made in the earlier Moscow Conference to create the United Nations after the war's conclusion to help ensure international peace.
Second-Front Controversy → Stalin pleaded for a second front in Russia, but Churchill objected and Roosevelt agreed for a plan to invade _________ in the summer on 1943. In roughly a month, allied forces seized control of _______. Italian military leaders surrendered to the allied forces on September 8 1943.
Harry Truman → after returning from the Yalta conference, FDR experienced increasingly poor health until he died on April 12, 1945
Yalta Conference (1945) → Conference of Russia, Great Britain and US in Feb.1945 with leaders FDR, Stalin and Churchill in Crimea. The result was statement of Soviet intent on entering the Pacific War two to three months after the end of the European war, Churchill and FDR promise for Soviet concessions in Manchurian and return of lost territories. Stalin recognized Chiang as China's ruler, agreed to drop demands for reparations from Germany, approved plans for a UN Conference and promised free elections in Poland.
Battle of Iwo Jima (1945) → invasion of the first Japanese home island, known for fierce fighting and the famous photograph