Chapter 9

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The process by which activities are started, directed, and continued so that physical or psychological needs or wants are met is called

motivation

each of the following is a valid criticism of instinct theories of motivation EXCEPT

they were the dominant explanation for human behavior early in the twentieth century

some psychologists believe that behavior is motivated by the body's attempts to achieve a state of balance in which the body functions effectively, or in

homeostasis

according to carol dweek, need achievement is closely related to

personal factors

Indiana jones goes off to foreign lands in search of artifacts hidden in dangerous places and guarded by fierce protectors. Dr. jones would be described as _______ in arousal theory

a sensation seeker

One interesting thing about incentive approaches is that incentives

exist independently of any need or level of arousal

according to abraham maslow, developing one's potential to it's fullest extent results in

self-actualization

self-determination theory best fits which type of motivation?

intrinsic motivation

one factor in hunger seems to be the increase in ______ that occurs after we begin to eat

insulin

the concept of "comfort food" suggests that food

may be influenced by social factors

which component of hunger is most likely contributing to the fact that sometimes a person who has just had a late breakfast will still feel hungry at noon?

social

an eating disorder characterized by binges of eating followed by self-induced vomiting is called

bulimia

what latin word connects both motive and emotion

move

according to ekman, which of the following is not one of the universal facial expressions?

shame

which one of the following is not one of the three elements of emotion discussed in the text?

environment

In the classic study of emotion conducted by schachter and singer, after receiving the epinephrine, the subjects placed in the room with the angry man reported feeling

angry

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