Ways of the World (A Global History With Sources): Robert W. Strayer; Chapter 17, Atlantic Revolutions and Their Echoes, 1750-1914; Vocabulary

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APWH, AP World History, American Revolution, French Revolution, Hatian Revolution, Spanish American Revolution

North American Revolution

(1775-1787); First successful anit-imperial revolution; Struggle of the colonists in America against the oppressive rule of Great Britain; a "conservative movement" (originated in effort to preserve the existing liberties of the colonies rather than to create new ones; ideals modeled after the thoughts of the great European philosophs;

French Revolution

(1789-1815); Inspired by the North American Revolution; internal struggle of the commoners (organized as the National Assembly) against the clergy and nobility, and most prominently, the monarch Louis XVI; fueled by the monarchy's continuous oppressive taxation; run by the educated middle class, such as doctors, lawyers, lower-level officials, and merchants; far more violent and radical than the North American Revolution (struck fear into the hearts of neighboring Europeans;

Declaration of the Rights of Man and Citizen

(1789); Written by the French National Assembly; ignorance, neglect, and contempt of the rights of man are the sole causes of public misfortunes and governmental corruption; men are born and remain free and equal in rights; unprecedented and illegal in the ancien regime

Napoleon Bonaparte

(1769-(ruled1799-1814)-1821); French emperor; credited with taming the radical ways of the revolution; preserved the moderated elements of social equality while suppressing the revolutions democratic elements to successfully control France through a dictatorship; created the largest European empire since Roman times;

Hatian Revolution

(1791-1804); first and only successful slave revolt; Slaves of the Saint Domingue colony (responsible for half of the worlds sugar and coffee) of France revolted and successfully gained control of the island; renamed Haiti in the native Taino language; "remember Haiti"

Spanish American revolutions

(1810-1825); shaped by the preceding revolutions; lasted twice as long due to sharp social contrast with in the revolutionary groups themselves, and the wealthy who were afraid to lose what they had;

Abolitionist Movement

(1780~1890); slavery had lost its legitimacy due to the events of the Atlantic revolutions; slavery became highly criticized by enlightenment thinkers because of its violation of human rights; "not only morally wrong and economically inefficient but also politically unwise"; brought together secular, religious, economic, and political thinkers;

Nationalism

Important to the creation of imperialism; sought to unite the people of a state by means of commonalities, like culture, territories, and politics; one of the stepping stones on the path to WWI;

Vindication of the Rights of Woman

Written by Mary Wollstonecraft (British); stimulated by the French Revolution; one of the earliest expressions of a feminist conciousness;

Maternal Feminism

"It is above all this holy function of motherhood which requires that women watch over the futures of their children and gives women the right to intervene not only in all acts of civil life, but also in all acts of political life."; first expressed at the women's rights conference in Seneca Falls, New York (1848);

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

(1815-1902); paraphrased the U.S. Declaration of Independence at the women's rights conference at Seneca Falls, New York (1848) to include women's rights; published a women's bible that eliminated all passages that she found offensive;

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