**Common medications

89 terms by mcostakis 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Norvasc (amlodpine)

Antihypertensive/Ca channel blocker

Lisinopril (Zestril)

Antihypertensive/ACE inhibitor
used in HTN, HF

Imdur

venodilators, antianginals, nitrates

Digoxin

Antiarrhythmics/inotropes
- used in HF, irregular heart rhythm, used in CAD
-⬆ force of myocardial contractions

Lasix/Furosemide

diuretic/loop diuretic
- tx edema & CHF

Synthyroid/levothyroxine

hypothyroidism

colace

stool softener

aspirin/ASA

- antipyretic (fever reducing), non-opioid
analgesic/salcylates
- NSAID
- ⬇ platelets, ⬇ inflammation

Heparin

anticoagulant
- prevent DVTs

KCl

k supplement

miralax

laxative

prednisone

anti-inflammatory, steroid

Cozaar/Losartan

antihypertensive
⬇ BP, used in HF

Neurontin

analgesic, anti-convulsant

Oscal

Ca supplement

Singulair

allergy, cold & cough, bronchodilators

lidoderm patch

...
used to relieve nerve pain

Coumadin/Warfarin

anticoagulant

Robitussin

allergy, cold & cough

Glucotrol

anti-diabetics

Regular insulin

short acting anti-diabetics

Aspart/Lispro

rapid acting anti-diabetics

Metformin

anti-diabetics

Lantus

Long acting anti-diabetics

Actos/Pioglitazone

anti-diabetics, Type 2 DM

Lactulose

laxative
chronic constipation

Tylenol/Acetaminophen

non-opioid analgesic, antipyretics (fever reducing)

Pepcid/Famotidine

anti-ulcer agent, histamine antagonist

Protonix/Pantoprazole

anti-ulcer, ⬇ acid reflux

Cardizem/Diltiasem hydrochloride

Ca channel blocker

senna

laxative

nitropaste

...
- chest pain symptoms, hypertension

Lopressor/Metoprolol

antihypertensive
HTN, HF, irregular heart rhythm

Tenormin

anti-anginal, antihypertensive, beta blocker

Flomax/Tamsulosin

peripherally acting antiadrenergics
- obstruction prostatic hyperplasia

Albuterol

bronchodilator, adrenergics
- control/prevent airway obstruction in asthma or COPD

Atrovent/Ipratropium

allergy, cold & cough, bronchodilator
- COPD, emphysems

Duragesic patch/Fentanyl

opioid analgesic
-moderate to severe pain

Zoloft/Sertraline

anti-depressant

Advair

-asthma, COPD

Plavix/Clopidogrel

anti-platelet agent

Ferrous sulfate

anti-anemics, iron supplement

Vicodin/Hydrocodone/acetaminophen

opioid analgesic
- moderate pain, suppress cough reflex

Dyazide

..
- hypertensive & edema (fluid retention

Dulcolax/Dosusate/colace/Correctol

stool softener

Flovent/Fluticasone

anti-asthmatics, anti-inflammatory (steroids)

Ciprofloxacin

- anti-infective
- treatment of infectious bacteria
- colitis, abdominal pain, insomnia, agitation, confusion, nausea

Cilostazol

- antiplatelet
- reduce symptoms of claudication w/improved walking
- HA, dizziness, diarrhea

Anti convulsant drugs (7)

- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat bi-polar
1. depakote (valproic acid)
2. Klonopin
3. Lamictal
4. Tegretol
5. Topamax
6. Trileptal
7. Neurontin

Depakote (Valproic acid)

- Anti convulsant drug
- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat bi-polar
- rapid cyclers
- thrombocytopenia

Klonopin

- Anti convulsant drug
- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat bi-polar
- actually a BZD, but not good at it

Lamictal

- Anti convulsant drug
- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat bi-polar
- maintenance therapy
- Stevens Johnson rash
- no blood monitoring

Tegretol (Carbazemepine)

- Anti convulsant drug
- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat BIPOLAR
- rash is common
- anticholinergic S/E
- drowsiness
- Agranulocytosis ** assess WBC, sore throat, malaise, fever
- Thrombocytopenia
- Blood monitoring (therapeutic - 4-12mcg/ml)

Topamax

- Anti convulsant drug
- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat bi-polar
- no blood monitoring

Trileptal

- Anti convulsant drug
- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat bi-polar
- no blood monitoring

Neurontin

- Anti convulsant drug
- mood stabilizers, ↓ mood swings, treat bi-polar

SSRI's (6) & 6 names

- Anti-depressant & treat anxiety, panic & OCD
- 1-3 weeks to begin, 6 weeks full effect
- 1ST line of defense
- less anti-cholingeric & histamine S/E
- S/E sexual dysfunction
- take in am
1. Celexa
2. Lexapro
3. Luvox
4. Paxil
5. Prozac
6. Zoloft

Celexa

SSRI
- Anti-depressant & treat anxiety, panic & OCD

Lexapro

SSRI
- Anti-depressant & treat anxiety, panic & OCD

Luvox

SSRI
- Anti-depressant & treat anxiety, panic & OCD

Paxil

SSRI
- Anti-depressant & treat anxiety, panic & OCD

Prozac

SSRI
- Anti-depressant & treat anxiety, panic & OCD

Zoloft

SSRI
- Anti-depressant & treat anxiety, panic & OCD

Atypical antipsychotics (6 characteristics)

1. ↓ psychosis
2. block serotonin & dopamine attachment (more selective)
3. Less SE than conventional, less EPS
4. 1ST line of defense
5. Used in bipolar patients
6. S/E = metabolic syndrome, ↑ weight, ↑ trigylcerides, ↑ BG

Atypical antipsychotics (7 names)

1. Abilify
2. Clozaril
3. Geodon
4. Invega
5. Risperidal
6. Seroquel
7. Zyprexa

Abilify

Atypical antipsychotic

Clozaril

Atypical antipsychotic

Geodon

Atypical antipsychotic
-S/E = Cardiac

Invega

Atypical antipsychotic
- injectible

Risperidal

Atypical antipsychotic
- S/E = ↑EPS, injectible

Seroquel

Atypical antipsychotic
- S/E = ↑ sedation, ↑ weight, OH, ↓EPS

Zyprexa

Atypical antipsychotic
- S/E = metabolic syndrom

Conventional antipsychotics (4 characteristics)

- Schizophrenia treatment (delusions, hallucinations)
- bipolar treatment
- block dopamine attachment
- S/E = EPS, pseudoparkinsonism, akathisia, akinesia, dystonia, tardive dyskinesia, ↑ prolactin

Conventional antipsychotics (4 names)

1. Haldol
2. Navene
3. Thorazine
4. Prolixin

Haldol

Conventional antipsychotics

Navene

Conventional antipsychotics

Thorazine

Conventional antipsychotics

Prolixin

Conventional antipsychotics

BZD Sleepers (2 general)

- schedule IV
- quick onset, short half life

BZD sleepers (5 Names)

1. Ambien
2. Dalmane
3. Halcion
4. Lunesta
5. Restoril

Ambien

BZD sleepers
- schedule IV
- quick onset, short half life

Dalmane

BZD sleepers
- schedule IV
- quick onset, short half life

Halcion

BZD sleepers
- schedule IV
- quick onset, short half life

Lunesta

BZD sleepers
- schedule IV
- quick onset, short half life

Restoril

BZD sleepers
- schedule IV
- quick onset, short half life

Desyrel (Trazadone)

Anti-depressant
- insomnia
- need high doses for anti-depressant
- priapism = erection > 4hours

NSAIDs examples

1. aspirin
2. Ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin)
3. Toradol

Enalapril (Vasotec)

Antihypertensive/ACE inhibitor
used in HTN, HF

Metoprolol (Lopressor)

Therapeutic: antianginals, antihypertensives
Pharmacologic: Beta blockers

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set