APUSH Questions: Twenties, Depression, New Deal, WW2

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Warm up questions/online questions

The effect of the Neutrality Acts of 1935-37 was to?

*encourage aggressor nations because they knew in advance that the US would not become involved

The US responded to the Japanese seizure of Manchuria from China in 1931 by?

*Stimson Doctrine, which amounted to a moral lecture

The purpose of Franklin D. Roosevelt's 4 freedoms speech was to?

* gain support for his lend lease program

- Lend Lease: congress gave FDR permission to send aid to Britain

Which statements best represents the US' response to reports of the German persecution of Jews?

*the US expressed sympathy for the plight of the Jews, but refused to liberize its restrictive immigration laws

During WW2, women did all of the following EXCEPT

*reaffirm traditional patterns for women's lives

not except:
- work in factories
- establish themselves as a vital part of the economy
- participate in war effort
- define a new role

FDR departed from Wilson's wartime practices when he?

* included members of both parties in delegation to the San Francisco conference

The diplomatic stratedy behind the Len-Lease program was to?

* Support Britain war efforts against Germany, without the US entering WW2

What happened to the new deal during WW2?

* none of the above are true

Issued by FDR in 1941, Executive Order No. 8802?

* required defense to make jobs available without discrimination based on race, creed color, or national origin

Which statement is true about the stock market prior to the October 1929 "crash"

9 million americans speculated in the market with borrowed money

In 1930 the American public reacted to Hoover's depression strategies by

*voting for Democrats in the November congressional elections

Which of the following best describes Hoover's handling of the depression?

* His efforts were limited by fears of unbalancing the federal budget and concentration too much power and responsibility in gov't in Washington

The "bonus marchers" in 1932 were

*WW1 veterans who marched on Washington to lobby for immediate cash payments of their veterans bonuses

Which is true about Roosevelt's 1932 campaign for presidency?

* FDR attacked Hoover for reckless spending and insisted that the federal gov't play a larger economic role only as a last resort

Which aspect of the economy did not prosper in the 1920's?

Agriculture/farmers

The glorification of celebrities in the 1920's was expressed in the following ways

-endorsements by celebrities of products in ads
- idolization of sports celebreties
- public images of "the Sutan of Swat" and the" Georgia Peach"
- hero worship of Charles A. Lindbergh

- NOT: popularity of "Amos and Andy"

The 1920s was the first decade in which

* the majority of Americans lived in cities

Significance of the Immigration Acts of 1921 and 1924

* set quotas on immigration from certain areas of Europe, Asia, Africa

John T. Scopes was accused of the crime of

*teaching Darwinism evolution in the public schools of TN

A new feature of American business developed in 1921 known as welfare capitalism, was...

*company-provided benefits for workers

The so-called Ohio Gany was most closely associated with the administration of

*Harding

Both the Teapot Dome and the Elk Kills scandals in the 1920s involved

*corrupt leasing of gov't oil reserves to private businesses

Which was not a first in the 1920s?

*chain of newspapers

Which was a first in the 1920's?

- 1st network of radio broadcasting stations -KDKA
- 1st "talkie" movie -Jazz Singer
- 1st commercial radio broadcasting station
- buying on credit

Margaret Sanger was significant to Americal social and cultural life in the 1920s as a promoter of

* birth control

All of the following were achieves during the New Deal

-renewed confidence in banks
-a gradual improvement in farm conditions
-gradual acceptance of labor unions
- reduce unemployment

Until the 1930s, the Supreme Court objected to social legislation passed by the states to protect workers on the basis that such laws?

*interfered with the workers' rights of contract

Supreme Court ruled NIRA unconstitutional in Schechter v. US because?

*used an overbroad definiation of interstate commerce

The farm policy of the New Deal was designed to

* increase prices of farm products by reducing farm output

Wager Act

*allowed workers right to organize labor & collective bargain

Huey Long's "Share Our Wealth" society advocated?

*guarenteed annual income to each family

Most profound and long lasting effect of the New Deal on American politics was?

* increase preseidential power, lessed power of congress

Indian Reorginization Act (1934)

* reversed a 50-year pattern by reorganizing tribal life

US adopted all of the following strategies in WW2 except

*atomic bombings in Germany and Japan

Battles of the Coral sea and Significant in that

*stemming the tide of Japanese advances in the Pacific

During WW2, blacks

*fought in a segregated military.

Yalta conference agreed to

*divide Germany into 4 military zones

To ensure that Russia would join the war against Japan, President Roosevelt in 1945?:

*made certain secret agreements concerning Russian territorial demands.

10 The increase in the number of Mexican Americans employed in the United States during the early 1940s resulted from?:

*wartime labor shortages

What happened to the New Deal during WW2?

an anti-New Deal coalition moved to end many New Deal programs, and the president adapted to the new political environment

12 Which of the following was the MAJOR reason President Truman used to justify his decision to drop the atomic bomb on Hiroshima in August 1945

he felt it would shorten the war and eliminate the need for an invasion of Japan

In World War II the Allied strategy, agreed upon by the U. S. and Great Britain, was to

*concentrate on defeating Germany first before turning on Japan

Issued by President Roosevelt in 1941, Executive Order No. 8802

*required defense industries to make jobs available without discrimination based on race, creed, color, or national origin

waging war against Japan, the United States relied mainly on a strategy of

*"island hopping" from the South Pacific to within striking distance of Japan.

Which of the following made the Soviet Union suspicious of the motives of the United States and Great Britain during World War II

*the delay in opening the second front in Europe.

The development of the atomic bomb that was dropped on Hiroshima

*was the responsibility of the Manhattan Project team of scientists and engineers at Los Alamos, NM.

At the Casablanca Conference in January 1943, the Allies agreed to

*unconditional surrender
*an invasion of Italy in the spring, invasion of France in 1944, and the concept of "unconditional surrender."

Dumbarton Oaks Conference

*formation of the United Nations

President Truman used the atom bomb against Japan for all of the following reasons

- his basic motivation was to save American lives.
he believed the bomb's power would convince the Soviets not to challenge American supremacy after the war.
he believed the use of the bomb would make a military invasion of Japan unnecessary.

At the end of both World War I and World War II, the United States

*entered a period of extreme anti-communism that led to the persecution of many suspected radicals.

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