Age 3 Behavior
run, jump, walk to music
growing attention span
Age 3 Music
special music cues
can wait their turn
suggest words and movement
Age 4 Behavior
increase in motor control
interested in sequencing
likes to imagine
Age 4 Music
recognizes melodies & may have favorites
interested in instruments
enjoys adding movement
like to sing and hear the same songs over and over
Age 5 & 6 Behavior
good motor control
vision still is developing
needs large print
Age 5 & 6 Music
good attention span
follows rhythm patterns
Age 7 & 8 Behavior
enjoy group activity
Age 7 & 8 Music
read word to songs
reality vs. fantasy
high interest in instruments
tuned into music culture
Main Goal of Music Experience
Maintain their natural appreciation with music.
To enjoy process over product.
Music Gives Children . . . .
1. numerous opportunities to sing a wide variety of songs.
2. exposure to various forms of music with wide ranges of rhythme tempo.
3. expression of feelings and emotions
4. experience in playing simple instruments
5. opportunities to identify simple music concepts such as loud/soft, fast/slow, low/high.
Keys to Success
-realization of the personal and individual responces that children will have in music
Songs and Singing
Songs with natural appeal such as family, animals, seasons, and transportation
Clear strong melodies that are easy to hear and remember.
Try it out first.
Learn it well before teaching it.
Teach it in sections if long.
Light on practice and heavy on praise.
Make a list of songs and put in song box
Don't rely on CD's
Introduce new vocab
Make homemade instruments
Invite musicians to show instruments
Many kinds of music
Pictures to represent each phrase.
Chart with first word of each phrase.
Echo method- one phrase at a time.
Hand motions to convey meaning.
Beginning sound of each line.
Teach the repeating phrases first.
Choose a student leader to help.
Have children draw pictures to represent the song.
Use rhythm instruments.
Emphasize participation over talking time.
Always try new things.
Build confidence and encouraging.
Music in Early Childhood Class
- greet children
- during transition time
- play background music
- play lullabies during rest/nap time
Ways to Use Music
- teach letters, shapes, numbers, and concepts in curriculum
- sing songs and play instruments as part of the daily routine
- enhances games and movement
- create drama and art activities
- learn about other cultures
- music has a postive influence on a child's cognitive skills such as spactial reasoning, memory, healthy, growth, and development.
- children activity involved in music do better in reading, math, focus, control bodies, play well with each others and good self esteem.
- children feel like they belong.
- music makes young children happy.
a brief story of a rhyme dramatized by with fingers
Finger plays are good for
- motor control and cordination
- attention grabber
- see who follows directions
-present finger plays with puppets