elaborately or excessively ornamented
a transparent purple variety of quartz
a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them
right or rights belonging to a person by reason of citizenship including especially the fundamental freedoms and privileges guaranteed by the 13th and 14th amendments and subsequent acts of Congress including the right to legal and social and economic equ
the royal charter of political rights given to rebellious English barons by King John in 1215
a nation's ruler or head of state usually by hereditary right
a war between factions in the same country
a country without a monarchy
A King or Queen is the official head of state but power is limited by a constitution.
warm ocean currrent flowing from the gulf of mexico north along the coast of the united states and then east to europe
a great fleet of ships sent from spain in 1588 to invade england
to settle in and control the lands of others
a person that runs a buisness, taking the risk in order to make profit
A medieval organization of crafts workers or trades people.
any christian not belonging to the roman catholic or orthadox eastern church
an assembly of people who gather for religious warshipping
church of england
a chcurch of england that was headed by a monarch
decorated or cremonial
to differ in opinion, disagree; refuse to conform to the established church
the teachings of john calvin the leader of the prodestant reformation
to allow people to live, think and worship their own beliefs
in christan befef, the state of sin in which all humans live because eve caused adam to disobey od's will
a state of uncontrolled exitement
to plunge sudenly under water and back up again
a person with ultimate power
untidey dirty or careless way of dressing
to place high in rank, honour, or power
to make low in rank, honour or power
a cruel and oppressive dictator
a way of solving a problem or ending an argument in which both people or groups accept that they cannot have everything they want acuerdo mutuo
careless or lavish spending, wastefulness
a thing or person liked better than others. or a person treater better than others
to hate, to scorn, to deny respect
to cause someone to become hostile or indefferent.
There was always an English tax on port towns which required each town to pay for a mercenary vessel to protect it. Under Charles I, this was expanded so that inland towns paid as if they were also port towns so Charles got the money. It was deeply resented by the inland towns it affected.
tunnage and poundage
a costoms duty or tax collected on the tons of goods coming into or leaving the country.
to require homeowners to provide food and lodging for soldiers
a name showing someone's ranking and position in life.
court of star chamber
royal court in which people had no legal rights.
a literary work in which corruption, stupidity, foolishness, or abuses are held up to ridicule and contmempt
fake statements used against the monarch
a thingy that was two pieces of wood with holes for the head and arms, in which the offenders were exposed to the public and practically humiliated
writ of habeuscorpus
a rule stating that a prisioner is to be taken to the court to decide how he/she should be punished lawfully
pprodestant church governed by presbyters (elders)
a difficult choice
jewels used, but not owned but he royal family
civilians trained as soldiers but not part of the regular army
a helmet to which has joined plates on the back protecting the back of the Neck
a person who is involved in the killing of the king
Parliament passed this in response to Charles II's declaration of indulgences; required all military members to swear an oath against transubstantiation.
to give up or renounce
unable to be taken or given away