English 1, 2, 3, and 4 Spelling #31, 2012

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English 1, 2, 3, and 4 Spelling #31

enmity

a state of deep-seated ill-will

raiment

especially fine or decorative clothing

implacable

unable to be calmed down or made peaceful

vanity

feelings of excessive pride

celestial

of heaven or the spirit

heretic

a person who holds religious beliefs in conflict with the dogma of the Roman Catholic Church

respite

a pause from doing something (as work)

transfigure

change completely the nature or appearance of

Abraham Lincoln

16th President of the United States saved the Union during the Civil War and emancipated the slaves; was assassinated by Booth (1809-1865)

Bleeding Kansas

Missouri border ruffians crossed into the Kansas to vote against slavery (led by John Brown) - severely divided the fledgling state

John Brown

abolitionist who was hanged after leading an unsuccessful raid at Harper's Ferry, Virginia (1800-1858)

Henry David Thoreau

American transcendentalist who was against a government that supported slavery. He wrote down his beliefs in Walden. He started the movement of civil-disobedience when he refused to pay the poll-tax to support the Mexican War.

Nathaniel Hawthorne

United States writer of novels and short stories mostly on moral themes (1804-1864), Originally a transcendentalist; later rejected them and became a leading anti-transcendentalist. He was a descendant of Puritan settlers. The Scarlet Letter shows the hypocrisy and insensitivity of New England puritans by showing their cruelty to a woman who has committed adultery and is forced to wear a scarlet "A".

william Cullen Bryant

a puritan who wrote "Thanatopsis" at the age of 16, which was one of the first high quality poems produced in the US, he also edited the "NY Evening Post"

Dred Scott

A black slave, had lived with his master for 5 years in Illinois and Wisconsin Territory. Backed by interested abolitionists, he sued for freedom on the basis of his long residence on free soil. The ruling on the case was that He was a black slave and not a citizen, so he had no rights.

Confederate States of America

the southern states that seceded from the United States in 1861, the confederation formed in 1861 by the Southern states after their secession form the Union., South Carolina, Texas, Mississippi, Florida, Alabam, Georgia, Louisiana in 1861

Battle of Bull Run

First bloodshed of the Civil War, July 21, 1861. Va. (outside of D.C.) People watched battle. Thomas "Stonewall" Jackson: Confederate general, held his ground and stood in battle like a "stone wall." Union retreated. Confederate victory. Showed that both sides needed training and war would be long and bloody.

General Robert E. Lee

Commander of Confederate Army. Great leader, Lincoln wanted him as the leader of the Union Army

General Ulysses S. Grant

The lead general of the Union Army. He was brave and bold. His daring attacks and recklessness lost him many men.

deftness

skillful performance or ability without difficulty

diminutive

very small

stalk

a stiff or threatening gait

valorous

courageous, adjective

relapse

a falling back into an old illness or bad habit

induced

brought about or caused

torrents

strong and fast-moving stream of water

perfidy

betrayal of a trust

Extreme Unction

The former name for the sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick, emphasizing the last anointing before death

diphtheria

acute contagious infection caused by the bacterium Corynebacterium diphtheriae--throat and respiratory infection.

annihilate

kill in large numbers

carnage

the savage and excessive killing of many people

contending

striving or struggling in rivalry or battle

malice

the quality of threatening evil

precursor

an indication of the approach of something or someone

reconcile

bring into consonance or accord

Army of the Potomac

Name for the major Union force deployed near Washington, commanded by General McClellan during the Civil War.

TNT

Trinitrotoluene, an explosive consisting of a yellow crystalline compound that is a flammable toxic derivative of toluene noun.

thermonuclear

using nuclear weapons based on fusion as distinguished from fission

apocalypse

a prophetic revelation, especially one concerning the end of the world, a cosmic cataclysm in which God destroys the ruling powers of evil, noun.

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