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Flashcards for the 3/29/12 test over Roman History.

What were the 3 periods in Roman History?

Monarchy, Republic, Empire

When was Rome founded?

753 BC

Who was the first Roman king?

Romulus

Who was the last Roman king?

Superbus

What are fasces?

A bundle of rods with an ax blade on the end

Who was Scipio Africanus?

Roman general, concluded the second Punic War.

Who was Hannibal?

Attacked Italy during second Punic War by crossing Alps with elephants

What is the Mare Nostrum? Why is it called the Mare Nostrum?

"Our sea," Roman name for the Mediterranean Sea.

Who was the first Emperor?

Octavius (or Caesar Augustus)

Who did Nero persecute?

The Christians

Discuss what happened under the rule of Trajan.

Under his rule the empire was at its greatest extent from the Atlantic to the Caspian.

Who was Marcus Aurelius?

Philosopher emperor

Who was Constantine?

First Christian emperor

Who was the final emperor?

Augustulus

Who did Rome fall to?

The Goths

What was the Senate? What were they in charge of?

The advisory board, in charge of taxes and war

What was the Comitia Tributa in charge of (what was their power)? Who did they elect?

Had power to veto, elected tribunes and aediles

What is the Comitia Centuriata? What are they comparable to in modern-day? Who did they elect?

Passed laws, modern-day electoral college, elected magistrates

What was the Comitia Centuriata broken into? (Hint: 3 groups)

Equestrians, infantry, common people

What offices of the Cursus Honorum are optional?

Aediles, tribunes

Who were the equestrians?

Wealthiest group

Who were the Plabians?

Common people, lower social class

Who were the Freedmen? What were their rights? What couldn't they do?

Freed slaves, could vote and own property but couldn't hold office.

Where is Rome located?

On the Tiber River, Palatine Hill

Where was the Temple of Jupiter located?

Capitoline Hill

Where were wealthy homes located?

Palatine Hill

What is the order of the Cursus Honorum?

Quaestor, tribune, aedile, praetor, consul, censor

What is a quaestor?

In charge of public revenue

What is a tribune?

Roman official

What is an aedile?

Responsible for public buildings and games

What is a praetor?

Roman magistrate

What is a consul?

Chief magistrate

What is a censor?

Held censuses and supervised public morals

What were Patricians?

Wealthy aristocrats

What was the Ostia?

Located at the mouth of the Tiber River, Rome's major port

What was the Tiber?

River in central Italy, Rome is located on it

What are the 3 things that make a Forum?

Basilica, Curia, Rostra

What are vigiles?

Roman policemen

What was the Via Appia?

Roman road leading South

Atrium

Spacious front hall, reception room

Compluvium

Opening in the ceiling of the atrium for light

Impluvium

Marble basin below the compluvium for rainwater

Tablinum

Study or office of the master

Peristylium

Open courtyard/garden, center of family living

Triclinium

Dining room, with three couches

Villae

Elaborate country homes owned by wealthy Romans

Insulae

Roman tenement or apartment

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