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Homo habilis

man of skill or ability; first tool maker

Homo ergaster

working man; found in Africa, noted for his hand-axe

Homo erectus

upright man; found in Asia

Neanderthal

1st to bury their dead; probably had contact with homo sapiens

Cro-Magnon

archaic (ancient) homo sapiens--1st to create art

homo sapiens

wise man; modern human

Australopithecus afarensis

"Lucy"; small hominid from 3 million years ago; austral (southern) pith (ape)

hominids

humans and their upright-walking ancestors

Neolithic Age

New Stone Age--still using stone to make tools, but now the tools are used to farm and domesticate animals

Paleolithic Age

Old Stone Age--the age when hunter-gatherers lived--they used stone tools to hunt and gather food

Archaeology

The study of ancient times, cultures, artifacts

Anthropology

The study of humans

homo-, hom-, hum-

morpheme: Latin for "human" or "man"

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