Russia Vocabulary

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Vladivostok

Russia's largest port city on the Pacific Ocean.

Faberge Eggs

Famous form of Russian art. First created by Peter Carl Faberge, these priceless eggs unique and held a small surprise inside.

Siberia

a vast area between the urals and the Pacific Ocean

Russian Revolution

a revolt led by the Bolsheviks under Lenin in November 1917 that led to a period of civil war which ended in victory for the Bolsheviks in 1922.

St. Basils Cathedral

Famous Russian landmark was built during the reign of Ivan IV. It was built in honor of Russian military victories.

Taiga

a vast forest of the evergreen trees

Red Square

is a city square near Moscow. The square separates the kremlin from the historic merchant quarant.

Bolsheviks

a radical russian communist group which took control of Russia's government in the Russian Revolution. They formed a new country called the U.S.S.R. The first leader was Vladimir Lenin.

Gulags

Harsh Soviet lavor camps often located in Siberia. Under Stalin's rule many people were sent there because they spoke out against the govenment.

Sturgeon

Large primitive eggs valued for their flesh and roe.

Steppe

a vast, grassy plains in southern Russia.

Caviar

Sturgeon eggs which have been preserved in salt.

Dachas

Russian country houses.

Cyrillic Alphabet

Russian alphabet used today; it is a form of the Greek alphabet

Ivan IV

Czar of Russian in the 1500's known as Ivan the Terrible. He used secret police to control his people, he blinded the artists of St. Basils Cathedral so that they could never again produce something so beautiful.

Catherine the Great

Catherine (II) ruler who modernized and expanded Russia.

Czar

Means emperor, Russian for 'Ceasar'

Kremlin

The Kremlin, is a historic fortified complex in Moscow, overlooking Saint Basils Cathedral and the Red Square. It is home to four places, four cathedrals and enclosing Kremlin Wall. This complex serves as the official residence of the president of Russia.

Mongols (tartars)

a group of people who invaded Russia in the 13th century (they conquered the city of Kiev) the Mongols allowed Russian princes to rule over the local states. Muscovy became the strongest city. In this region Moscow was the main city.

Peter the Great

Czar who modernized and expanded Russia to St. Petersburg.

Trans-Siberian Railroad

This rail line runs from Moscow to Vladivostok on the east coast, and is the longest single rail in the world.

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