Daniel Shays led group of farmers to take over Massachusetts arsenal
Shays's Rebellion made some think...
the national government couldn't keep order or protect them
Goal of Convention:
to fix Articles of Confederation
President of Convention
throwing Articles of Confederation out and writing new plan
central and state governments share powers
set up republic
number of representatives based on population
New Jersey Plan
every state has same number of representatives
divided Congress into two houses
What were the two houses?
House of Representatives and Senate
House of Representatives
number of reps. based on population
each state has 2 reps
Slavery: 3/5 Compromise -
for every 5 slaves, 3 counted as citizens
plan of government
written by Gouverneur Morris
Separation of Powers
3 branches of government
a. Legislative Branch
b. Executive Branch
c. Judicial Branch
Legislative Branch is made up of...
a. House of Representatives
How many terms for House of Representatives? How many can serve?
a. 2 year term
b. 435 serve
What does the Legislative branch do?
a. makes laws
b. raises army/navy
c. delares war
d. controls commerce
Who votes for the President?
the Electoral College
What are the requirements to be President?
Must be at least 35, born in U.S., and live in U.S. for previous 14 years
What does the Executive Branch do?
Enforces laws, can veto bills passed by Congress, Commander-in-chief of military
How many terms does the President serve?
Who can remove or impeach the President from office?
Who does the President nominate? Who approves them?
justices; the senate approves them
How long do Justices stay in office?
How many Supreme Court Justices are there?
Justices have the power to strike down what?
any law that goes against the Constitution
How must Justices apply laws to every person?
What can be added to change the constitution?
A proposal to change or ammend the constitution needs what in Congress?
2/3 vote or by national convention called by 2/3 of states and approved by Congress
How many states need to approve an amendment?
How many states had to ratify the Constitution?
9 of 13
Which state was the first to ratify the Constitution?
a. favored Constitution
b. wanted strong central government
disagreed with Federalists
June 21, 1788
New Hampshire was 9th state to ratify
Bill of Rights added by 1791 to
protect rights of people - 10 amendments
protects freedom of religion, speech, press, right to petition the government and to assemble
protects people's rights to have weapons
government can't force people to house soldiers in peace time
protects people against unfair searches
protects people's right to grand jury, can't be tried twice for same crime, can't be forced to speak against themselves, etc.
right to speedy and public trials, know charges against them, etc.
right to trial by jury
protect against excessive bail, cruel and unusual punishment
people have other rights not listed in Constitution
government can only do things listed in Constitution (reserved powers belong to states or people)
Who was the first President and Vice President of the United States?
George Washington/John Adams
George Washington was
the first president to be unanimously voted into office
George Washington set up
State, Treasury and War Departments
- Heads made up Cabinet to advise President
Who was Secretary of State?
Who was the Secretary of Treasury?
Who was the Secretary of War?
Who was the Attorney General?
Why did political parties form?
because Hamilton thought should have a stronger central government and Jefferson wanted less
The U.S. Capital was move where?
Why do all 3 branches need to work together?
to get things done
Checks and Balances
keeps any one branch from becoming too powerful or misusing its authority
What are the 3 levels of Government?
government gets power from people
Amendment ___ says all males over ____ an vote
Amendment ___ says all females over ____ an vote
Amendment ___ says the voting age is_____
What are the responsibilities of citizens?
ii. Civic virtue - obey laws, serve on juries, pay taxes
iii. Males must register for draft at age 18
iv. Help control government