CROSS SECTIONAL ANATOMY

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Axial (or transverse) CT image of mid-thorax region.

What is the term for this image type of cross sectional anatomy. What region of the body does it represent?

True

T/F:
An axial image is displayed as if you are standing at feet of supine patient while still looking towards their head

Axial CT Pelvis through Femoral Heads

What region of the body does it represent? What slice of the anatomy does this represent .

Axial or Transverse Images

What is the term for a slice that passes horizontally thrrought body or part from the front to back. Demonstrates anterior from posterior and medial to lateral anatomical structures.

Axial MR Knee through Femoral Condyles

What region of the body does it represent? What slice of the anatomy does this represent

Sagittal Image

What image does this MRI of the head represent?

Mid-Sagittal Plane of the Head and Thorax

What region of the body does it represent? What slice of the anatomy does this represent?

Sagittal Images

What is the term used for the plane that passes vertically through the body or a part from anterior to posterior.

Sagittal Images

Allows for identification of structures from anterior to posterior, proximal or distal, and superiior or inferior.

True

T/F:
A sagittal image is displayed as if the patient is in a lateral position with the viewer looking into eitherrr the patient's right or left side.

Patella, Femur, Tibia.
The Patellar Femoral ligament?

What bony structures can you identify? What is the black line that extends from the posterior tibia to the femur?

The head and Thorax. Coronal MR image.

What region of the body does it represent? What slice of the anatomy does this represent?

right side of patient

What side of patient is on your left if the image displays a Coronal plane?

Tibial plateau, Fibula, medial Femoral condyle and lateral Femoral condyle.?

What bony structures can you identify?

Saittal

Axial, Coronal, or Sagittal?

Axial

Axial, Coronal, or Sagittal?

Coronal

Axial, Coronal, or Sagittal?

Axial, Coronal, and Sagittal

What planes do the images represent?

1. C
2. B
3. D

(confirm this slide)
ID the following:
1. Longitudinal fissure between hemispheres
2. Gyrus
3. Sulcus

Coronal

Identify the Section:

False

T/F:
The Cerebrum is seperated into 3 hemispheres that are seperated by a longitudinal fissure.

Sagittal

Identify the Section:

Sulci & Gyri

What are the appropriate terms used to describe the grooves and the raised areas in the brain?

OL - Occipatal Lobe
C - Cerebellum
P - Pons
MO - Medulla Oblongata
SC - Spinal Cord

Identify the parts of the brain demonstrated on this sagittal image.

Coronal Section anterior to Cerebellum.
P - Pons
MO- Medulla Oblongata
SC - Spinal Cord
T - Temporal lobes of cerebrum

Identify the area that this section was imaged from. Identify the parts of thhe brain demonstrated on the image.

Posterior

Is this slice more anterior or posterior to the Cerebellum?

CSF filled cavaties; interconnected with each other and subarachnoid space of brain & spinal cord.

Define Ventricles.

4

How many ventricles are there?

C - shaped with a tail, Body with 3 horns

How would you describe the shape of the Lateral Ventricles from a lateral view? from a superior view?

Parietal lobe

What lobe is the body of the lateral ventricle located in?

False, the anterior lobe is in the Frontal lobe

T/F:
The anterior lobe is in the Temporal lobe

Occipital Lobe

What lobe is the posterior horn located in?

True

T/F:
The Inferior horn is located in the temporal lobe

1. B
2. G
3. D

Identify:
1. Anterior Horn of lateral ventricles
2. Posterior Horn of L lateral ventricle
3. 3rd Ventricle

4th ventricle, Cerebellum and Pons

What ventricle is the arrow pointing to? What two structures is it located between?

Corpus Callosum

What is the term used to for the arch shaped white matter above the lateral ventricles? It connects the R & L hemispheres of the brain.

3rd ventricle

What ventricle is narrow and midline and inferior to the body of lateral ventricles?

4th ventricle

What ventricle is most inferior, anterior to the cerebellum?

1. I
2. H
3. C
4. G

Identify:
1. Trachea
2. T-3 & T-4
3. Sternum
4. Espohagus

1. F
2. C
3. A
4. D
5. H
6. B

(confirm slide)
Identify:
1. Descending Aorta
2. Sternum
3. SVC
4. Trachea
5. Esophagus
6. Ascending Aorta

T-5 (confirm answer)

Can you identify:
The L main bronchus, R main bronchus, Carina, Descending Aorta? What vertebral level is this slice?

1. left atrium
2. right ventricle
3. left ventricle
4. right atrium

What heart chamber is:
1. most posterior?
2. most anterior?
3. farthest from left?
4. farthest from right?

1. B
2. E
3. G
4. I
5. K
6. L
7. H

Identify:
1. R atrium
2. R ventricle
3. L ventricle
4. Descending Aorta
5. Esophagus
6. Liver
7. L atrium

1. E
2. G
3. A
4. C
5. B
6. H

Identify:
1. Spleen
2. Abd. Aorta Stomach - lower body
3. R lobe liver
4. Fundus stomach
5. L lobe liver
6. IVC

1.G , 2.A, 3. F, 4. C, 5. K, 6. D, 7. H, 8. E,
9. L, 10. B

Identify:
1. Spleen, 2. R lobe liver, 3. tail of panceras, 4. L lobe liver, 5. IVC, 6. stomach
7. L kidney, 8. Descending Colon, 9. R kidney,
10. GB

1. E,2. D,3. B,4. A,5. I,6. G,7. C,8. J,9. L,
10. H,11. K,12. F

Identify:
1. Stomach, 2. L lobe liver, 3. GB, 4. R lobe liver, 5. Abd Aorta, 6. descending colon, 7. 2nd portion duodenum, 8. L1, 9. head pancreas,
10. L kidney, 11. IVC, 12. jejunum

1. G, 2. D, 3. C, 4. A, 5. H, 6. B, 7. J, 8. F

Identify:
1. Renal pelvis of the L kidney, 2. Colon, 3. GB
4. Liver, 5. Abd. Aorta, 6. Jejunum, 7. IVC
8. Descending Colon

anterior is transverse and sigmoid
posterior- retroperitoneal is ascending and descending

What parts of the colon that is most anterior, what parts are more posterior - retroperitoneal?

1. G, 2. C, 3. E, 4. K, 5. B, 6. J, 7. D, 8. A, 9. H, 10. F

Identify:
1. L kidney, 2. IVC, 3. Jejunum, 4. R ureter,
5. Ascending Colon, 6. Psoas major muscle,
7. Aorta, 8. Liver, 9. L ureter, 10. Descending colon

1. F
2. C
3. B
4. D
5. E
the slice is caudal to iliac crest

Identify:
1. L5, 2. Cecum, 3. R Iliac wing, 4. Psoas major muscle, 5. L SAP sacrum
Is this slice caudal or cephalad to the iliac crest

1. E
2. C
3. B

Identify:
1. Rectum
2. Bladder
3. Body of Ilium

1. D
2. E
3. F
4. C
5. A
6. B

Identify:
1. Symphisis pubis, 2. Vagina with tampon inserted. 3. Rectum, 4. Pubic bone, 5. Ischial tuberosity, 6. Distal femoral head and neck

parietal lobe, occipital lobe, 3rd ventricle, cerebellum, 4th ventricle, spinal cord, medulla oblongata, pons, frontal lobe, lateral ventricles, corpus callosum

Name structures that arrows are pointing to:
(start at 12:00 and follow arrows clockwise)

1. Arch of Aorta, 2. Ligamentum arteriosum, 3. Left pulmonary artery, 4. Pulmonary trunk, 5. Left superior and inferior pulmonary veins, 6. Inferior Vena Cava, 7. Aorta, 8. Superior vena cava, 9. Right superior & inferior pulmonary veins, 10. Right pulmonary artery

Identify items marked on the picture.
(start at 12:00, with the arch of the aorta and continue clockwise)

1. B, 2. I, 3. D, 4. E, 5. L, 6. C, 7. M, 8. F,
9. J

Identify:
1. R common carotid artery, 2. L common carotid artery, 3. Sternum, 4. SC joint,
5. Spine and acromion of scapula, 6. Trachea, 7. Head of humerus, 8. Clavicle, 9. T2-T3

ascending aorta

Which is more anterior, the ascending aorta or descending aorta?

pulmonary trunk

What lies under the aortic arch?

ascending aorta

What is to the left of the Superior Vena Cava?

Superior Vena Cava

What is to the right of the Ascending Aorta?

L common corotid artery, L subclavian artery, Aortic arch, L pulmonary arteries, Pulmonary trunk, Descending aorta, Ascending aorta, Right pumonary arteries, Superior Vena Cava, Innominate artery,
R subclavian, R common corotid artery

Identify items marked on the picture.
(start at 12:00, with the left common corotid artery and continue clockwise)

Carry blood to lungs to be oxygenated.

What is the function of the pulmonary trunk and pulmonary arteries?

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