In Greek "revelation" A common Jewish religious perspective of Jesus's time, which held that the world had come under the control of evil forces and was heading toward the climatic End Time, at which point God would intervene to usher in a reign of perfect justice and goodness. Early Christianity was generally in keeping with __________.
In Greek "messenger" An early follower of Jesus's recognized as one with authority to preach the Gospel; the __________ included the twelve original disciples and Paul.
A short statement of Christian belief that sets forth the foundations of the central doctrines of the Incarnation and the Trinity; traditionally thought to have been composed by the Apostles.
Officials within the early Church who were regarded as successors to the Apostles. ________ were responsible for overseeing the Church and administering the Eucharist.
In Greek "kanon" - "rule" or "standard" An authoritative set of sacred writings, such as Christianity's New Testament.
In Greek "universal" The largest of the three major divisions of Christianity. When it is not capitalized, __________ is used generally to denote the universal nature of the Christian church.
An effort begun in 1545, initiated partly by the Protestant Reformation, to clarify Church doctrines and clean up corrupt practices.
In Greek "assembly" The community of all Christian believers.
In Greek "servant" Officials within the early Church who were like the presbyters in that they assisted the bishops, but were on closer terms with the congregation at large.
The promotion of worldwide Christian unity.
Also the Lord's Supper, or Holy Communion, a central sacrament and ritual of Christianity, a memorial of the Last Supper, which was shared by Jesus and his twelve Apostles.
In Old English "good news" Referring generally to the saving power of the life, Crucifixion, and Resurrection of Jesus Christ.
God's presence freely given; a key doctrine for Paul and for Christianity in general.
Opinions or doctrines at variance with accepted doctrine.
One of the three Persons of Trinity, along with God the Father and Jesus Christ the Son. The New Testament describes the active presence in the ministry of Jesus, and later in the work of Jesus's followers.
A core doctrine of Christianity, stating that in Jesus Christ, God became fully human while remaining fully divine.
Reductions in, or pardons of, the punishment due for sins committed. The buying and selling of __________ was a common practice in medieval Catholicism.
In Greek "witness" Those who choose to die rather than violate their religious convictions.
A collection of twenty-seven writings that, by the late fourth century AD, had been adopted by orthodox Christians as their primary sacred text.
Christianity's most important creedal statement, formulated by Church leaders at the Council of Nicaea in 325 and setting forth in precise language the doctrines of the Incarnation and of the Trinity.
Humanity's state of moral and spiritual corruption, inherited from Adam and Eve.
In Greek "right doctrine" With respect to Christianity in general, the emerging version of Christianity that was deemed true by those with authority, and therefore accepted by the majority. When the word "__________" is capitalized, it refers to the major division of Christianity dominant in the eastern regions of Europe and the area surrounding the Mediterranean Sea.
Stories that Jesus used to cast important moral lessons within the language and circumstances familiar to the common people.
The title conferred on the bishop of Rome, the leader of Catholicism, who is considered by Catholics to be the direct successor of the Apostle Peter.
The doctrine, especially prevalent in Calvin's form of Protestantism, stating that God has already chosen those who will be saved from sin.
In Greek "elder" Officials within the early Church who assisted the bishops.
A widespread phenomenon in sixteenth-century Europe that resulted in the emergence of Protestantism from Catholicism.
Also called parousia, Greek for "presence." The anticipated return of Christ to the world, on which occasion the dead will be resurrected and all people will be judged.
Second Vatican Council
Also called Vatican II. A worldwide council of Catholic bishops convened by Pope John XXIII, occurring from 1962 through 1965. The council aimed to reflect on Church teaching so that the Church would respond appropriately to the needs of the modern world, and to promote Christian unity.
A primary means for God's revelation of Christ, beginning with the Apostles and continuing in the present day through the Church.
A core Christian doctrine stating that God consists of three Persons--God the Father, Jesus Christ the Son, and the Holy Spirit--who are at the same time God.