The lesson drawn from a fictional or nonfictional story. A heavily didactic story.
A theme, character, or verbal pattern that recurs in literature or folklore.
A legend, usually made up in part of historical events, that helps define the beliefs of a people and that often has evolved as an explanation for rituals and natural phenomena.
Sentence that begins by stating what is not true, then ending by stating what is true.
An historically accurate narrative.
Latin for "it does not follow." When one statement isn't logically connected to another.
A long work of fictional prose.
A short novel; also, the early tales or short stories of French and Italian writers.
A writer's attempt to remove himself or herself from any subjective, personal involvement in a story. Hard news journalism is frequently prized for its objectivity, although even fictional stories can be told without a writer rendering personal adjustment.
A lyric poem marked by strong feelings and involved style.
The use of a word for whose pronunciation suggests its meaning. "Buss," "hiss," "slam," and "pop" are frequently used examples
When a writer obscures or denies the complexity of the issues in an argument.
A rhetorical antithesis. Juxtaposing two contradictory terms, like "wise fool" or "eloquent silence."
A word, a sentence, or a group of sentences (sometimes in verse) that reads the same backward and forward.
A seemingly contradictory statement which is actually true. This rhetorical device is often used for emphasis or simply to attract attention.
Sentence contruction which places in close proximity two or more equal grammatical constructions. Parallel structure may be as simple as listing two or three modifiers in a row to describe the same noun or verb; It May take the form of two or more of the same type of phrases (prepositional, participial, gerund, appositive) that modify the same noun or verb; it may also take the form of two or more subordinate clauses that modify the same noun or verb. Or, parallel structure may be a complex blend of single-word, phrase, and clause parallelism in the same sentence.
Direct, audible address to reveal feelings to audience.
A brief restatement in one's own words of all or part of a literary or critical work, as opposed to quotation, in which one reproduces all or part of a literary or critical work word-for-word, exactly.
An exaggerated imitation of a serious work for humorous purposes, the writer of a parody uses the quirks of style of the imitated piece in extreme or ridiculous ways.
The assigning of human attributes to nature
Qualities of a fictional or nonfictional work that evoke sorrow or pity. Overemotionalism can be the result of an excess of pathos.
Sentence that places the main idea or central complete thought at the end of the sentence, after all introductory elements..
A writer often adopts a fictional voice (or mask) to tell a story. Persona or voice is usually determined by a combination of subject matter and audience.
Figurative language in which inanimate objects, animals, ideas, or abstractions are endowed with human traits or human form.
The organization of individual incidents in a narrative or play.
The practice of violating rules, expectations, or conventions to achieve a desired effect.
A section of purple prose or writing that is too ornate or florid for the surrounding plain material, which in turn looks too tranquil or dull by the incongruity of the startling purple patch.
POINT OF VIEW
The perspective from which a fictional of nonfictional story is told. First-person, third-person, or omniscient points of views are commonly used
Sentence which uses "and" or another conjunction (with no commas) to separate the items in a series. Polysyndeton appears in the form of X and Y and Z, stressing equally each member of the series. It makes the sentence slower and the items more emphatic than in the asyndeton.
POST HOC, ERGO PROPTER HOC
Latin for "after this, therefore because of this." When a writer implies that because one thing follows another, the first cause the second. But sequence is not cause.