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Russia wante to extend its control over the Ottoman province of ________.

Romania

The Crimean War was from _______ to ______.

1853-1856

The Crimean War began when (list the four countries) declared war on Russia.

(1)France
(2)Britain
(3)Sardinia
(4)Ottoman Empire

________ was known as the "lady with the lamp" for her nursing efforts.

Flourence Nightingale

______ wrote a famous poem called The Charge of the Ligt Brigade.

Alfred Tennyson

After a long siege, the Russian fortress of ________ fell to the French and British forces.

Sevastopol

The Crimean War ended with __________.

The Treaty of Paris

The Tanzimat lasted from ___________.

1839 to 1876

List four things that the Tanzimat did:

(1)religious toleration
(2)ended tax farming
(3)end corruption
(4)abolish torture
(5)economic reform
(6)use of councils

The Tanzimat failed due to what? (list two)

(1)resistance of local rulers
(2)resistance of the bureacracy
(3)nationalism

The ______ began to modernize the country and decided to enter WWI on the side of the central powers.

young turks

At the Congress of Vienna, the _________ or the _________ of Italy were disappointed in their attempts to unify the country.

Carbonari or charcoal burners

Count __________ was the prime minister of the Piedmont.

Camillo Cavour

Piedmont was known as _____.

Sardina

Cavour wanted to promote what? (list three)

(1)free trade
(2)railroad construction .
(3)expanded credit
(4)agriculture improvement

France began a peace treaty at _____________.

Villfranca

In 1860 _______ conquered Sicily with his 1200 troops called the Red Shirts.

Giuseppe Garibaldi

Two Sicilies was known for its corruption under their ruler ______.

Francis II

Sardinia surrendered ______ and _____ to France for their help.

(1)Nice
(2)Savoy

Cavour's troops moved south to meet Garibaldi's troops in _______.

Naples

Cavour and Garibaldi agreed that _________ would be the new king of a united Italy.

Victor Emmanuel II

A system of bribery:

transformismo

Was the prime minister of Prussia and was known as the "Iron Chancellor"

Otto von Bismarck

List the three wars that were completed due to German unification:

(1)Danish (2)Seven Weeks (3)Franco-Prussian

The Seven Weeks war ended with a treaty at ________.

Prague

In Germany the upper house was the ________
the lower house was the ________.

Bundesrat
Reichstag

Who was the king of Germany at the time?

William I

The Franco-Prussian war began when there was a vacancy on the throne of ______.

Spain

Prince Leopold was a member of the ___________ family.

Hohenzollern

The _______ family ruled Prussia.
The _______ family ruled Austria.

Hohenzollern
Happsburgs

_______ objected to the families ruling Sapin and Prussia.

France

Bismarck used a chance to provoke war with France by making public the ________.

Ems Dispatch

France was defeated at ______.

Sedan

The peace treaty (of France and Germany) was signed at _____.

Versailles

Another name for title of emperor.

Kaiser

Napoleon III lost control of :

(1)Mexico (2)Italy (3)Germany

As a result of a treaty being signed at Frankford (for the Franco-Prussian War), a city government called the __________.

Paris Commune

After the Paris Commune was suppressed, a _______ was established.

third republic

______ was accused of passing secret military information to the Germans.

Alfred Dreyfus

Those who believed in Alfred Dreyfus' guilt include the (list three):

(1)army
(2)catholic church
(3)newspapers
(4)conservatives

_______ wrote J'accuse.

Emile Zola

The Austrian empire was still:

(1)dynastic (2)absolutists (3)agrarian

The ________ changed the Austrian Empire into a dual monarchy.

Ausgleich

Another name for a triple monarchy:

trialism

Many ethnic groups looked to ______ for help.

Russia

After Nicholas I died in Russia, his son _______ became czar.

Alexander II

Alexander II abolished serfdom with the ___________.

Emancipation Edict

Alexander II freed serfs in _____.

Poland

Another name for local legislative councils:

zemstvos

Alexander II introduced Western judicial principles into Russia (list three):

(1)trial by jury
(2)uniform procedures
(3)judicail independence
(4)legal equality
(5)impartial hearings

Allexander II was nicknamed the __________.

Tsar Liberator

_________ formed a revolutionary movement called Populism.

Alexander Herzen

A revolutinary movemet in which they sought a social revolution based on the peasants.

Populism

_______ were those who wanted to tear down existing Russian government and society and create a new Russia.

Nihilist

The name Nihilist means _______.

nothing

The __________ was dedicated to the overthrow of the czar through use of terrorism and assassination.

People's Will

Alexander II's son _________ was very repressive as a result and tried to end his father's reforms

Alexander III

Jews were killed in a series of massacres called _______.

pogroms

Under prime minister ________ the Second Reform Bill was passed.

Benjamin Disralei

In 1868 ___________ was elected prime minister of Britain.

William Gladstone

Why is William Gladstone being elected as prime minister considered the culmination of classical british liberalism? (list four)

(1)secret ballot
(2)civil service
(3)government sponsored elementary schools
(4)religious requirements were dropped for university falculty
(5)banned the purchase of officers commissions

The biggest issue of the 1880s was _______ as nationalists sought to achieve home rule.

Ireland

What does home rule mean?

Irish control of local government

The leader of home rule was _______.

Charles Parnell

________ split over the issue which limited reform.

Liberal Party

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