Normal diploid organisms contain ___ complete genomes.
_____ is defined as the "addition or loss of an entire genome".
Colchicine is used to mainly make ____ watermelons.
_________triggers the color change in an arctic fox's fur.
_____ have incomplete genomes.
Down's syndrome is caused by a _____.
A human with 47 chromosomes is a _____.
Translocation occurs between ______.
THe type of gene mutation that will be passed on to the offspring, will be a ______.
___ nucleotides are changed by a point mutation.
A ______ can kill the organism.
Genetic mutations typically result in ___ of information.
The complete loss of a segment of chromosome is known as a ____.
Mutagens cause mutations of _____ cause.
The type of tumor that does not spread is a _____ tumor.
Only God knows what the original created _____ were.
Fire ants have been accidentally introduced to the United States from South America, and are thriving in some locations, even though conditions are different from their native home. This is an example of ____.
The whiplike thread that bacteria can spin at speeds up to 17,000 rpm is called a _____. IT requires 50 genes to make one flagellum, and if just one gene is mutated, the flagellum may not function.
When bacteria cells divide, they do not go through the phase of ____.
Bacillus cereus is a common bacteria used in high school biology laboratory experiments. Its genus name tells us that it would be __ shaped.
Certain species of Streptococcus bacteria are known to cause scarlet fever. The genus name tells us that these bacteria would be _____ shaped.
Most bacteria are heterotrophs, and _____, or dead organic matter, is one of their main sources of food. Some bacteria, such as cyanobacteria, are autotrophs.
In order to survive unfavorable conditions, bacteria often form _____.
__________ is a process involving heating of liquid, such as milk, followed by rapid cooling. The process kills 90 to 99% of bacteria, but does not destroy the flavor of the liquid. However, some of the beneficial nutrients may be destroyed by the heating.
The process of ______ requires that two living bacteria be present in order for there to be an exchange of genetic material, while the process of transformation only requires one living bacteria.
Parasitic bacteria receive most of their nutrients from a living host, and lack many of the digestive enzymes that _____ bacteria have.
Virusus are essentially _______ surrounded by a protein coat.
All viruses are _____ parasites.
Bacteria that only grow in the presense of oxygen are called obligate ____ , while those that only grow when oxygen is not present are called obligate anaerobes.
Bacteria that can grow in aerobic or anaerobic conditions are known as ________ anaerobes.