Sociology Exam 3

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Sex

influences our behavior but does not determine how we think, feel and act.

Gender

is/are based on social and cultural expectations, not physical traits.

Gender Identity

is/are a perception of one's self as either masculine or feminine.

Gender Roles

includes the characteristics, attitudes, feelings behaviors that society expects of males and females.

Sexism

is/are an attitude or behavior that discriminates against one sex based on the assumed superiority of the other sex.

Gender Pay Gap

The difference between male and female pay is called

Sex Discrimination

According to several studies, 41 percent of the gender wage gap can be explained by

1964;Equal Employment Opportunity Commission

Sexual harassment became illegal form of sex discrimination in Title VII of the Civil Rights Acts of___ and again in the 1980 ___ guidelines.

Emotional Misconduct

Sexual harassment includes all of the following except

Transsexual

Isaiah was a born male. When he turned 18, he chose to undergo sex reassignment surgery to become a woman, Ingrid. His sexual orientation is

Intersexual

Pat was born with both male and female genitals. Pat's sexual orientation is

sexual orientation has a strong genetic basis

Biological theories contend that

Heterosexism

The ban against gays in the military is an example of

Expressive

According to functionalists, females typically perform the "______ role"

Conflict

A gendered division of labor can be explained through a focus on capitalism. Which sociological perspective does this statement illustrate?

They encourage cohabitation and sex outside of marriage

Which of the following is not a common criticism of conflict theorists.

Symbolic Interactionist

Gender inequality is socially constructed. Which sociological perspective does this illustrate?

Sexual Harassment

What is the fastest growing type of employment discrimination?

Ancestry

Which of the following do not shape our sexual scripts?

White Privilege

refers to advantages that people enjoy because of their race.

The minority was the dominant group

The apartheid system is South Africa is an example of where.

Segregation

Internal colonialism often manifests itself in

Voluntary self-segregation

Many racial and ethnic groups live peacefully side by side. Doing so illustrates

Stereotypes

is/are an oversimplification or exaggerated about a category of people.

Feminist Theorists

contend that racial and ethnic women often experience a "double whammy" of inequality.

contact

According to the ____ hypothesis, the more members of minority groups that you get to know, the less likely you are to be prejudiced against those groups.

Symbolic Interactionist

Prejudice and discrimination are learned, and therefore be unlearned. This statement best illustrates which of the following theoretical perspectives?

people's multiple origins

In part of ____, our definitions and measurement of race ethnicity are becoming increasingly complex.

Earning

Capitalism has four essential characteristics. Which of the following is not one of these characteristics.

Monopoly

A/n is a situation where one person or company controls a particular market or industry.

Oligopoly

Walt Disney Corporation owns four publishing companies, 11 major television stations, either major cable stations and a variety of other entities in other markets. Walt Disney Corporation is an example of

Socialism

____ is an economic and political based on the principle of the public ownership of the production of

Communism

_____ is a political and economic system where, ideally, all members of a society are equal.

Globalization

was one of the most significant changes of the 21st century.

Corporation

A _____ is a social entity that has legal rights, privileges, and liabilities apart from those of its members.

Conglomerate

Kraft foods owns Maxwell House, Ritz Crackers and Life Savers (among other brands). Kraft Foods is an example of an

Deindustrialization

_____ is a process of social and economic change due to the reduction of industrial activity, especially manufacturing.

Conflict

"Low wages alienate workers" This statement best represents the views of which sociological theory on work and the economy.

Symbolic interactionist

"How one is socialized into his/her job is important in understanding how he/she will interpret the workplace" This statement best represents the views of which sociological theory on work and the economy.

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