Drug Dosage Terminology

15 terms by jeannedarc304 

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Average Dose

amount of medication proven to be effective with minimal side effects for an adult.

Cumulative dose

Total amount of medication in the body after repeated doses or medication that accumulates in the body over time. Some medications must be taken for a time before the desired effect is reached, and others may have a toxic effect as the cumulative effect of a drug increases.

Divided Dose

total amount of medication that is administred in seperate doses.

Initial dose

first dose of medication administered.

Lethal dose

the size dose that will cause death.

Maintenance dose

the dose of drug that maintains or keeps the drug in the therapeutic range.

Maximum dose

largest quantity that can be given without probable harmful effects.

Miniumum dose

smallest amount of medication that can be prescribed to be effective in treatment.

Toxic dose

dose of a drug having damaging or harmful effects or producing S&S of toxicity.

Unit dose

drug dosage system that provides prepackaged, prelabeled, individual medications that are ready for immediate use by the patient.

FDA

Food and Drug Administration. The agency that is responsible for determining if a food or drug is safe and effective enough to be sold to the public.

DEA

federal agency responsible for enforcing laws and regulations governing narcotics and controlled substances.

Prescribe

is to indicate, by either written or verbal order, a medication given to a patient.

Dispense

is to deliver a medication into a patient's possession after it has been prepared.

Administer

is to "give" a medication to a patient for the sole purpose of that medication being ingested by the patient.

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