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what is abnormal backflow of urine fro the bladder to the ureter ccalled

vesicoureteral reflux

which term best describes a distention of the renal pelvis and calyces due to urine that cannot exit into the ureters

hydronephrosis

what is inflammation of the urinary bladder called

cysitis

selet the term that describes a hereditary disorder in which grapelike sacs replace normal kidney tissue

polycystic kidney disease

what is shunting the blood so that is may be filtered known us

dialysis

what is another way of describing the renal calcui

nephrolithiasis

what is a inability to empty the urinary bladder

urinary retention

what is the inability to control the urinary bladder called

urinary incontinence

which term best describes an inflammation of the renal pelvis

pyelonephritis

what is the medical term for urteral stricture

ureterostenosis

what is herniation of the urinary bladder into the vagina called

vesicocele

what is the removal of toxins in blood called

filtration

what is returning water electrolytes and nutrition to the bloodstream called

reabsortion

what is the release of urine from the urinary bladder called

micturiction

what is the term that is synonymous for albuminuria

proteinuria

which term best decribes the specific filtration structur of the urinary system

glomerulus

select the uriary structure that is most closely associated with reabsorbtion of water elctolytes and nutrients

nephron

renal tubulues empty urine into the

renal pelvis

where are glomeruli located?

renal cortex

what is the functional unit of the kidney called

nephron

which of the following terms mean the presence in the urine of abnormally large quantities of protein usually albumin

albuminuria

which of the following term means painful urination

dysuria

which of the following terms means a condition of urinary incontinence sepeciallly aat night in the bed bedwetting

enuresis

which of the following terms means sercetion of a diminished amount of urine in relation of the fluid intake scanty urine output

oliguria

which of the following term means the presence of pus in the urine

pyuria

directs urine to the urinary bladder

ureter

temporary reservoir for urine

urinary bladder

directs urine out of the bladder

urethra

filter blood produce urine

kidneys

directs blood into the kidney

renal artery

takes blood out of the kidney

renal vein

collects urine from the tubules

calyx

diabetes is often often associated with __ the excretion of abnormally large amounts of urine

polyurine

the presence of pus in the urine is known as

pyuria

__ is defined as diminished urine secretion

oliguria

bowmans capsule is also called

glomerial capsal

___ is accomplished by inserting a tube through the uretha into the urinary bladder

catherilization

a urinary tract infection is associated with __ whis blood in the urine

hematuria

___ is the visual examination of the urinary bladder

systopy

essive urination at night is called

nocturia

the _ is a solution that draws fluid and toxins from the blood and across the peritoneal membrane

dialysate

a ___ is the physiscal chemical or microsopic examintaion of the urine

urinaylisis

vcug

voiding cystoourethogram

crf

chronic renal failure

agn

acute glomerular nephritis

ESRD

end stage enal failure diesease

uti

urinary tract infection

gfr

glomerular filtration rate

capd

continous ambulatory peritonal dialysis

ccpd

continous cycling pperitoneal dialysis

kub

kidney urethra and ureters

one of pair tubes that carries urine from the kidney to the bladder

ureter

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