OCCT Review 7th Geography

68 terms by jr0252

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Acculturation

the adoption of the behavior patterns of the surrounding culture

Afterlife

A life believed to follow death

Agnostic

one who believes that the existence of a god can be neither proven nor disproven

Atheist

someone who denies the existence of god

Bar Mitzvah

(Judaism) an initiation ceremony marking the 13th birthday of a Jewish boy and signifying the beginning of religious responsibility

Belief

something held as true or real even if it cannot be proven

Caste System

a set of rigid social categories in India that determined not only a person's occupation and economic potential, but also his or her position in society

Christianity

a religion that developed out of Judaism which is based on the life and teachings of Jesus

Civilization

a society with cities, a central government, job specialization, and social classes

Clan

a group of families who trace their roots to the same ancestor

Cultural Trait

a behavioral characteristic of a people, such as language, skill, or custom, passed from one generation to another

Culture

all the knowledge and values shared by a society. The way of life of a group of people

Culture Clash

the problems and conflicts that occur when two cultures come into contact.

Custom

accepted or habitual practice

Deity

any supernatural being worshiped as controlling some part of the world or some aspect of life or who is the personification of a force; a god or goddess

Dharma

In Hindu belief, a person's religious and moral duties; one's path in life.

Dialect

a form of language spoken by people in a particular region or group

Diversity

the variety of people in a group

Economy

System by which goods and services are produced and distributed to meet people's needs

Ethnic Group

people of the same race or nationality who share a distinctive culture

Ethnocentrism

tendency to view one's own culture and group as superior to all other cultures and groups

Fact

a concept whose truth can be proved

Folkways

traditional social customs

Gaffe

a clumsy social error; a faux pas; social blunder

Gender Roles

Expectations about what is appropriate behavior for each sex.

Geography

the study of the earth's surface, climate, continents, countries, peoples, industries, and products.

Guru

a Hindu or Buddhist religious leader and spiritual teacher

Hinduism

A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms

Idol

An image used as an object of worship

Islam

the religious faith of Muslims, based on the words and religious system founded by the prophet Muhammad and taught by the Koran, the basic principle of which is absolute submission to a unique and personal god, Allah.

Jesus

a teacher and prophet born in Bethlehem and active in Nazareth, Religious leader and founder of Christianity

Judaism

the monotheistic religion of the Jews having its spiritual and ethical principles embodied chiefly in the Torah and in the Talmud

Karma

In Hindu and Buddhist belief, all the actions that affect a person's fate in the next life; one's deeds in life.

Laws

enforceable rules of conduct in a society

Meditation

practice of quiet reflection to clear the mind and find inner peace

Moksha

The Hindu concept of the spirit's 'liberation' from the endless cycle of rebirths.

Monotheism

belief in a single God

Moral

concerned with principles of right and wrong or conforming to standards of behavior and character based on those principles

Mores

accepted standards and customs of a social group; accepted rules of behavior.

Muhammad

the Arab prophet who founded Islam (570-632)

Nationalism

a strong feeling of pride in and devotion to one's country

Norm

an understood rule for accepted and expected behavior

Opinion

a personal point of view

Orthodox

adhering to the traditional and established, especially in religion

Pagan

A follower of a polytheistic religion in ancient times.

Polytheism

belief in multiple Gods

Prejudice

an unjustifiable attitude toward a group and its members

Prophet

a religious teacher who is regarded as someone who speaks for God or for a god

Race

people who are believed to belong to the same genetic stock

Racism

Belief that one racial group is superior to another

Religion

a strong belief in a supernatural power or powers that control human destiny

Ritual

a ceremonial act; a customary procedure

New Testament

The second part of the Christian Bible, containing descriptions of the life and teachings of Jesus and of his early followers

Sacred

made or declared or believed to be holy

Shiva

an important Hindu deity who in the trinity of gods was the Destroyer

Shrine

A place of worship that is often dedicated to a sacred object or person

Social Structure

the way in which a society is organized into predictable relationships

Socialization

the process of learning the rules of behavior of the culture within which an individual is born and will live

Stereotype

a generalized (sometimes accurate but often overgeneralized) belief about a group of people

Subculture

a group that is part of the dominant culture but that differs from it in some important respects

Taoism

philosophical system developed by of Lao-tzu and Chuang-tzu advocating a simple honest life and noninterference with the course of natural events

Bible

the holy book of Christianity

Torah

(Judaism) the scroll of parchment on which the first five books of the Hebrew Scripture is written

Koran

Holy book of Islam

Traditions

customs or beliefs handed down from generation to generation

Untouchables

lowest class of people in the caste system of Hinduism, do all the dirty work of society

Worship

show devotion to (a deity)

Hierarchy

a group organized by rank

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