Haydn Mozart Beethoven
Who are the three core composers of the classical era?
Group of Classical composers (Haydn, Mozart, Beethoven, & Schybert) whose careers all unfolded in Vienna
Texture of classical music
A dramatic musical form that originated in the Classical period involving an exposistion, development, and recpitulation, with optional introduction and coda
Who was the first great composer to move to Vienna?
Who is considered the father of the symphony and of the string quartet?
Who was the court composer for the Esterhazy family?
Who wrote "London Symphonies" while living in London
Whose father was the court composer for the arch bishop in Salzburg, Austria?
Who was a child prodigy?
Who served as organist, violinist, and composer to the arch bishop Colloredo?
Who joined the Freemasons?
Who was thought to have asperger's?
exposition development recapitulation coda
What are the four parts of the sonata-allegro?
Who had "perfect pitch"? (ability to know what pitch you are hearing)
Arrangement of Ternary Structure?
What part of the sonata-allegro form has two themes (A & B) with a transition/bridge in between them?
What part of the sonata-allegro form is where the plot twist, modulation, and a theme change can happen?
What part of the sonata-allegro form is the exposition without modulation (A & B are the same key)?
What part of the sonata-allegro form is the "big finish"?
What is the form/arrangement of the minuet and trio?
originally performed by only 3 instruments; a brief, self-contained composition contrasting with a previous piece (such as a minuet).
stylized movement within a classical symphony or string quartet. two of these are often seperated by a trio
genre for solo instrument
In a symphony, what is the movement that is heavy and the most dense part of the piece?
minuet and trio
What is the third movement in a symphony that brings the music back to the original key?
Out of the core composers, who's symphonies lasted the longest?
Genre of music most important to the classical era; it is a four movement work for large string quartet orchestras
Who wrote very lengthy codas?
In the exposition, carries the music from the tonic to the dominant and prepares for the arrival of the 2nd theme
Who "bridged the gap" between romantic and classical music?
theme and variations
A musical form in which a theme continually returns but is varied by changing the notes of the melody, the harmony, the rhythm, or some other feature of the music
geared toward music for small concert halls; has only one player per part. there is no conductor
at least three statements of the refrain (A) and at least two contrasting sections (at least B and C); placement of the refrain creates symmetrical patterns
double exposition form
first the orchestra and then the soloist present the primary thematic material
Mozart's piano concerto in A major
what piece is a double exposition sonata form?
a rapid, jovial work in triple meter often used in place of the minuet as the third movement in a string quartet or symphony
who wrote the first important clarinet concerto?