all forms of energy transfer from the sun
Does not have a medium
electromagnetic waves that are visible to the human eye
Seen as heat; the bundles of light energy that transfer heat
A type of energy that comes to Earth from the Sun, can damage skin and cause cancer, and is mostly obsorbed by the ozone layer
a form of oxygen that is found in a layer high in the earth's atmosphere
warming of the Earth due to the insulating effect of gases in the atmosphere, such as carbon dioxide and water vapor
the total kinetic and potential energy of all the particles in a substance.
the degree of hotness or coldness of a body or environment (corresponding to its molecular activity)
a form of energy that is transferred by a difference in temperature
energy that is radiated or transmitted in the form of rays or waves or particles
the direct transfer of heat from one substance to another substance that it is touching
the transfer of heat by the movement of a fluid
air moving (sometimes with considerable force) from an area of high pressure to an area of low pressure
winds that blow over short distances
a gauge for recording the speed and direction of wind
chilling caused by convection of heat from the body in the presence of air currents.
happens during the day when warm air on land rises and cool air from water moves inward.
happens during night when warm air on water rises and cool air from land moves outward.
types of local winds the can cause flooding
winds that blow steadily from specific directions over long distances
The way Earth's rotation makes winds in the Northern Hemisphere curve to the right and winds in the Southern Hemisphere curve to the left.
a belt of calms and light winds between the northern and southern trade winds of the Atlantic and Pacific
are regions of high pressue and gentle winds at about 30 degrees north and south latitude
prevailing winds that blow from east to west from 30 degrees latitude to the equator in both hemispheres
winds that blow west to east between 30 and 60 degrees in the northern and southern hemispheres
wind belts that extend from the poles to 60 degrees latitude in both hemispheres
circular patterns caused by the rising and sinking of air
a high-speed high-altitude airstream blowing from west to east near the top of the troposphere
arrangement of electromagnetic radiation--including radio waves, visible light from the Sun, gamma rays, X rays, ultraviolet waves, infrared waves, and microwaves--according to their wavelengths
Reasons for Greenhouse Effect
carbon vapor and carbon dioxide
Difference between Thermal energy, temperature and heat
Thermal- the sum of all of the kinetic energy in a body
Heat- transfer of energy due to temperature
Temp-measures the average translational kinetic energy of the molecules in a body
Radiation, Conduction, Convection
Conduction: heat from one thing to another
Convection: transfer through liquid/gas
Radiation: transfer through electromagnetic waves
Convection Currents in Sea and Land Breeze
Unequal heating often occurs on land that is next to a large body of water.
Air on Land- rises and cools <- land breeze
Air on Water-rises and cool air over out<Sea breeze