Chapter 10: The Senses

50 terms by taylorswim16 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

The general senses

Involve receptors that are relatively simple and are found in the skin and deeper tissues

The receptors stimulated by pressure or movement changes ar called

Mechanoreceptors

Free nerve endings control the sensation of

Itching

Meissner's (tactile) corpuscles are sensitive to

Light touch

Sensory receptors that respond to heavy pressure called

Pacinian corpuscles

Gustatory receptors are located

on the tongue's surface

Primary taste sensations are

4

The sensory portion of the gustatory organ is (are) the

taste hairs

The tip of the tongue is the site of taste cells for

sweetness

The branch of the cranial nerves which is responsible for monitoring changes in equilibrium is

The vestibular branch

How many semicircular canals are in the inner ear?

3

The sense of hearing is provided by the receptors of the

inner ear

The malleus bone is attached to the

tympanic membrane

The basic receptors in the inner ear are the

hair cells

A structure that allows the connection of the middle ear to the nasopharynx is the

auditory tube

The vibrations received by the ear are amplified by the action of the

auditory ossicles

The ossicles connect the

tympanic membrane to the oval window

Which of the following extrinsic eye muscles is responsible for enabling the ey to look upward?

inferior oblique

Which of the following extrinsic eye muscles is responsible for rotating the eye away from midline?

Lateral rectus

The lacrimal glands

produce tears, are located in the pockets in the frontal lobes, flow tears into the nasolacrimal duct, and contain a hormone called lysozyme; all of the above

Gustatory receptors are clustered in individual _____________ _____________

taste buds

The sense of smell works closely with the sense of _____________

taste

Substances involved in _____________ reception are called enkephalins.

pain

Each gustatory cell extends a ________ _____________ into the surrounding fluids through a narrow taste pore.

taste hair

The sensory hair cells of the cochlear duct are located in the _____________ _____________ _____________.

Organ of corti

The tympanic membrane is also called the _____________.

eardrum

Vibrations of the stapes moves fluid within the inner ear to _____________ hearing receptors.

stimulate

The _____________ is a mucosmembrane lining the inner eyelids.

conjunctiva

The lacrimal apparatus contains the lacrimal _____________.

gland

The _____________ extrinsic muscles move the eye in many directions.

6

The outer layer of the ey bulges forward to form the _____________.

cornea

The middle layer of the ey includes the choroid coat, ciliary body, and _____________.

Iris

The lens of the eye adjusts it's shape to focus in a process called _____________.

accomodation

The retina contains the visual receptor cells, called _____________.

Photoreceptors

The posterior cavity is filled with a clear, jelly-like fluid called_____________ _____________.

Vitreous humor

Rhodopsin is a light sensitive biochemical in rods that is also known as _____________.

purple

Color blindness occurs when certain _____________ pigments are lacking.

cone

Taste organs lie along the sides of epithelial projections called _____________.

papillae

The space between the suspensory ligaments and the iris is the _____________ chamber.

posterior

The center of vision is located in the _____________ lobe.

occipital

Pacinian corpuscles respond to heavy pressure.

True

The porterior horn of the spinal cord releases enkephalins to suppress pain impulses of various severities.

True

The auditory ossicles are located in the inner ear.

False - Outer ear

The osseus labyrinth is a bony canal inside the occipital bone.

False - Temporal bone

Cochlear hair cells serve as receptors for sound.

True

The sense of equilibrium consists of static equilibrium and dynamic equilibrium.

True

The conjunctive is a mucous membrane lining the inner ear.

False - Inner eyelids

The six extrinsic muscles move the eye in many directions.

True

The outer layer of the eye is the choroid coat.

False - Sclera

Many suspensory ligaments hold the transparent lens in position behind the iris and pupil.

True

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set