Chapter 11: Endocrine System

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When blood glucose levels decrease

glucagon is released

The adrenal cortex produce which of the following hormones?

Aldosterone

Which of these hormones is released by the thyroid gland?

Calcitonin

Increased numbers of red blood cells will result from increases in the hormone known as

Erythropoietin

Which of the following hormones is essential for maintenance of the immune system?

Thymosin

Which of the following hormones regulates the sodium ion concentration of the blood?

Aldosterone

The pituitary hormone that stimulates the mammary glands to prode milk is...

PRL (Prolactin)

The pituitary hormone that stimulates the adrenal cortex to produce cortisol is...

ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone)

The pituitary hormone that stimulates the thyroid gland to produce thyroxin is...

TSH (Thyroid-stimulating hormone)

Which of the following hormones, if elevated, may lead to increased levels of clacium ions in the blood?

Parathyroid hormone

Inability of the pancreas to produce insulin will result in

diabetes mellitus

Which of the following hormones is resposible for body metabolism?

Thyroxin

A hormone that can lower blood levels of glucose is...

insulin

The posterior pituitary gland secretes...

ADH (antidiuretic hormone)

The alpha cells of the pancreas produce...

glucagon

The effect of FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) on the ovary will result in production of large quantities of...

estrogen

The pituitary hormone that stimulates the release of thyroid hormone from the thyroid gland is...

TSH (thyroid-stimulating hormone)

The pituitary hormone that stimulates the release of mineralcorticoids from the adrenal cortex is...

ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone)

The pituitary hormone that promotes egg development in the ovaries and sperm development in the testes is...

FSH (follicle stimulating hormone)

Hormones that control the male and female reporductive organs are collectively called _____________.

gonadotropins

The outer portion of the adrenal gland is the adrenal _____________.

cortex

The thyroid gland is composed of many _____________ that produce and store thyroid hormone.

follicles

The adrenal gland is situated along the superior border of the _____________.

kidney

The hypothalamus secretes oxytocin, which is stored in the _____________ _____________.

posterior pituitary

The gland responsible for establishing daily circadian rhythms is known as the _____________ gland.

pineal

Another name for the pituitary gland is the _____________.

hypophysis

The inner portion the adrenal gland is the _____________ _____________.

Adrenal medulla

The thymus gland is located in the _____________.

mediastinum

The pancreas secretes insulin and _____________.

glucagon

Calcitonin is produced by the _____________ gland.

thyroid

Antidiuretic hormone is also called _____________.

vasopressin

Parathyroid hormone increases blood levels of _____________ ions.

calcium

erythropoietin is produced by the _____________.

kidneys

Insulin works in a manner opposite of _____________.

glucagon

The pineal gland secretes the hormone _____________ in response to light conditions in the external environment .

melatonin

The _____________ secretes hormones called thymosins, affecting production and differentiation of lymphocytes.

thymus

The _____________ controls the stress response ( general adaptaion syndrome).

hypothalamus

The inner adrenal cortex produces _____________ hormones.

sex

Steroid hormones are insoluble in lipids.

False - insoluble in the water

Prostaglandins are made from arachidonic acid in cell membranes of the kidneys, heart, liver, lungs, pancreas, and reproductive organs.

True

The anterior pituitary gland is also called the adenohypophysis.

True

During sleep and strenuous exercise, blood levels of growth hormone are at their highest.

True

ACTH (adrenocorticotropic hormone) is secreted from the adrenal cortex.

False

FSH (follicle stimulating hormone) and LH (luetenizing hormone) affecting the urninary organs regulate the water concentrations of body fluids.

False - ADH (antidiuretic hormone)

PRL (Prolactin) and OT (oxytocin) are released from the anterior pituitary gland.

False - Posterior pituitary gland

Calcitonin is a hormone that regulates and decreses blood calcium and phosphate ions.

True

The adrenal medulla secretes epinephrine.

True

The pineal gland secretes the hormone melatonin.

True

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