age of revolution
political upheaval; 1775 (AR) 1789 (FR). Change up in 1848.
population growth in Western Europe; 50% in France 100% in England and Prussia.
workers went from agriculture to metals; prelude of industrial revolution.
Rebellion of English colonies; made USA
1789 and 1800 overthrow Bourbon dynasty. Establishment of French Empire
Bourbon monarch of France. executed during French Revolution
Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen
made during liberal movement in French Rev. stated equality of all French citizens.
method of humane execution; Reign of Terror.
valued collective identity based on culture, race, or ethnic origin
General in French army; led a coup that ended French Revolution; Made empire under his rule.
Congress of Vienna
Meeting after Napoleonic Wars to restore political stability in Europe and settle disputes.
advocated restoration of monarchy and defense of church
limited state interfereance in individual life urged importance of constitutional rule and parliaments.
advocated broader voting rights than liberals. urged reforms in favor of lower classes (democracy)
Rebellion in Greece against Ottoman Empire. Dismantled Ottoman Empire in Balkans.
Reform Bill 1832
Legislation passed in Great Britain. extended voting to middle class. not democracy
artisans and workers in Britain wanted to vote. Failed
French scientist. Discovered relationship between germs and disease. better sanitation.
American Civil War
first application to Industrial revolution. abolished slavery, unified north and south.
political system in Italy that promoted alliance of conservatives and liberals; supported status quo.
Issues in western Europe during Industrial Revolution.
urged attack on private property in the name of equality
German socialist; wanted a poor dictator.
Socialist movements. Based on Karl Marx's view. success could be achieved through political institutions.
sought mo' money for women. right to vote. equality.
mass leisure culture
aspect of later Industrial Rev. based on newspapers, music halls pop theatre.
all living species evolved into their present form. Survival of the fittest.
created mathematical theories; theory of relativity.
physician; behavior is determined by impulses
emotion was the key to the mysteries of human experience and nature.
Alliance among Germany Austria Hungary, and Italy. Going into world war I
Alliance among Britain, Russia, and French. Going into World war I
Independed nations within Balkan possessions of Ottoman Empire; led to World war I