a complete narrative that may also be applied to a parallel set of moral, philosophical, political, religious, or social situations.
the addressing of a discourse to a real or imagined person who is not present; also, a speech to an abstraction
a character, action, or situation that is a prototype or pattern of human life generally; a situation that occurs over and over again in literature, such as a quest, an initiation, or an attempt to over come evil.
meaning "seize the day," is a Latin phrase that has become the name for a common literary motif in lyric poetry--life is short, so make the most of present pleasures
n. a fanciful idea or image, esp. an exxagerated poetic comparison; an extravagant construction
The attitude or outlook of a narrator or character in a piece of literature, a movie, or another art form
a poem of lamentation about a death.often takes the form of a pastoral
a long narrative poem elevating character, speech, and action.
a divine manifestation
a brief story illustrating a moral truth, most often associated with the ancient greek writer aesop
the creation of events that are dreamlike or fantastic, departing from ordinary understanding of reality because of apparently illogical setting, movement, causality, and chronology
a short poem or song written in a fixed stanzaic form. also the Aristotelian term for the "several kinds of artistic ornament," such as strophes and antistrophes, that are used appropriately in a tragedy.
a figure of speech that describes something as though it actually were something else, there by enhancing understanding and insight
a figure in speech in which one thing is used as a substitute for another with which it is closely identified
meaning "something that moves" is sometimes used in reference to a main idea or theme in a single work or in many works, such as a carpe diem theme, or a comparison of lovers to little worlds.
the ideas and impulses that propel characters to a particular act or course of action. the hallmark quality of round characters
a variable stanzaic poetic form(usually long, to contrast it with the song) with varying line lengths and sometimes intricate rhyme schemes
a humorous or satirical imitation of a serious piece of literature or writing
the narrator of a story or poem, the point of view, often an independent character who is completely imagined and constantly maintained by the author. in addition to narrating the essential events of the work(justifying the status of narrator), may also introduce other aspects of his or her knowledge, and may express judgments and opinions. often the character of the speaker is of as much interest in the story as the actions and incidents
a figure in speech in which human characteristics are attributed to nonhuman things or abstractions
an attack on human follies or vices, as measured positively against a normative religious, moral, or social standard
a figure of speech in which two unlike things are explicitly compared. also an instance of such a figure of speech or a use of words exemplifying it.
a figure of speech in which a part stands for a whole, or a whole for a part
a figure of speech uniting or fusing separate sensations or feelings; the description of one type of perception or thought with words that are appropriate to another.