Medical Terminology Unit 9

120 terms by arendon3 

Create a new folder

Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Anatomic Terms

dors/o

near on the back

ventr/o

near or on the belly side of the body

anter/o

toward the front or in front of

poster/o

following or located behind

cephal/o

upward, toward the head

caud/o

downward, toward the tail

medi/o

toward the midline

later/o

toward the side, away from the midline

super-

above

sub-/infra-

below

proxim/o

near the point of origin

dist/o

away from the point of origin

sagitt/o

vertical, anteroposterior direction or plane dividing into left and right

coron/o

resembling a crown or encircling

achromophilic

resisting color (stain)

aerobic

requiring air to live

aerocele

herniation containing air

aerophobia

abnormal fear of air

aerotherapy

treatment using air (respiratory therapy)

amenorrhea

cessation of menstruation

anaerobic

able to live without air

anterolateral

front and side

ateromedial

front and middle

anteroposterior

from front to back

anterosuperior

front and top

ateriostasis

control of flow through arteries

bioethics

study of what is good and bad for living things

biology

the study of living things

blastoderm

embryonic disk that gives rise to the endoderm, mesoderm, and ectoderm

caudad

toward the tail (sacrum)

cephalad

toward the head

cephalocaudal

from head to tail

chondrodysplasia

defective development of cartilage

chromogenesis

formation of color

chromolysis

destruction of color

chromometer

measuring color

chromophilic

attracting color (stain)

coronal

pertaining to the crown or encircling

coronary

pertaining the the crown or encircling (reference to around the heart)

diagnosis

identifying a disease

dialysis

separating of substances in a solution (filtration)

diarrhea

abnormally loose watery bowel movement

distal

away from a point of origin of designated point

dorsal

back (posterior)

dorsocephalad

from back toward the head

dysentery

inflammation of the intestine

dysmenorrhea

difficult or painful menstruation

dyspepsia

poor digestion

dyspnea

difficulty breathing

dystocia

difficulty in labor

ectocytic

outside the cell (extracellular, adjective)

ectoderm

outer embryonic (germ) layer

ectogenous

formed outside the body (from another source, adjective)

ectopic

outside the normal location (adjective)

ectoplasm

outer membrane of the cell

endocardium

inner membrane layer of the heart

endochondral

within the cartilage (adjective)

endocolitis

inflammation of the lining of the colon

endocystic

inside the urinary bladder or inside a cyst (adjective)

endoderm

inner embryonic (germ) layer

endoenteritis

inflammation of the lining of the small intestine

endogenous

made by one's own body (adjective)

endoscopy

process of using scope to look into the body

eugenics

choosing good genetic train to propagate

eupepsia

good digestion

eupnea

easy breathing

euthanasia

easy death

eutocia

easy labor

hyperplasia

overdevelopment (too many cells)

hypoplasia

underdevelopment (too few cells)

inferior

below

lateral

side

lithotripsy

surgical crushing of a stone

lymphostasis

control of lymph flow

medial

middle

menopause

cessation of menstruation, ovulation, and atrophy of female reproductive system

menorrhagia

hemorrhage during menstruation

menses

menstruation (menorrhea) plural: menses

midsagittal

the plane dividing the body into equal right and left halves

neurotripsy

surgical crushing of a nerve

omphalectomy

excision of the umbilicus

omphalic

pertaining the the umbilicus

omphalitis

inflammation of the umbilicus

omphalocele

umbilical hernia

omphalorrhagia

hemorrhage of the umbilicus

omphalorrhea

discharge from the umbilicus

omphlorrhexis

rupture of the umbilicus

osteochondrodysplasia

defective development of bone and cartilage

para-appendicitis

inflammation near the appendix

paracentral

pertaining to near the center (adjective)

paracolpitis

inflammation near the vagina

paracystitis

inflammation near the urinary bladder

parahepatitis

inflammation near the kidney

parietal

pertaining to the wall

peritoneum

membrane of the abdomen

phlebostasis

control of flow through a vein

pleura

membrane of the lungs

posteroanterior

from back to front

pesteroexternal

back and outside

posterointernal

back and inside

posterolateral

back and side

procephalic

in front of head

prognosis

predicting the outcome of a disease

prognostic

pertaining to prognosis

proximal

near the point of origin of a designated point

pseudocyesis

false pregnancy

pseudocyst

false cyst

pseudoedema

false swelling

pseudoesthesia

false sensation

retrocolic

behind the colon

retroflexion

bending (flexing) backward

retroperitoneum

behind the peritoneum

retroperitonitis

inflammation of the area behin the peritoneum

retrosternal

behind the sternum (adjective)

retroversion

twisting (turning) backward

sagittal

vertical in an ateroposterior direction or plane

superior

above

sypilophobia

abnormal fear of syphilis

syphilopsychosis

severe mental condition caused by untreated syphilis

syphilotherapy

treatment for syphilis

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set