Medical Terminology Chapter 7 Test

50 terms by daniel_sixkiller

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thoracic cavity

Which structure surrounds and protects all of the structures within the chest?

hyperventilation

Abnormally rapid deep breathing, resulting in decreased levels of carbon dioxide at the cellular level is known as _____________________

edema

An accumulation of fluid in lung tissues is known as pulmonary ____________________.

asphyxiation

Also known as suffocation.

anoxia

Which condition is the absence, or almost complete absence, of oxygen from inspired gases, arterial blood, or tissues?

emphysema

Progressive loss of lung function due a decrease in the total number of alveoli, the enlargement of the remaining alveoli, and then the progressive destruction of their walls.

bronchorrhea

Excessive discharge of mucus from the bronchi.

pharyngotomy

Which procedure is a surgical incision of the pharynx?

ventilator

Which respiratory therapy is used to temporarily replace or supplement the patient's natural breathing function?

pulmonologist

A specialist in disorders of the lungs and associated tissues is a/an ____________________.

sputum

Phlegm ejected through the mouth is called ____________________.

tracheotomy

An emergency procedure in which an incision is made into the trachea to gain access to the airway below a blockage is known as a/an ____________________.

fibrosis

The formation of scar tissue that replaces the pulmonary alveolar walls is known as pulmonary ____________________.

cystic fibrosis

Genetic disorder in which the lungs are clogged with large amounts of abnormally thick mucus.

apnea

Which condition is the absence of spontaneous respiration?

aspiration pneumonia

Inflammation of the lungs and airways to the lungs (bronchial tubes) from breathing in foreign material.

epistaxis

The medical term for the condition commonly known as a nosebleed is ____________________.

asthma

Which is the proper spelling of the name of the allergic disorder characterized by episodes of wheezing?

mediastinum

What region of the chest contains the heart, aorta, esophagus, trachea, bronchial tubes, and thymus?

pharyngotomy

A surgical incision into the pharynx is known as a ____.

pleurisy

An inflammation of the pleura that produces sharp chest pain with each breath

laryngectomy

The surgical removal of the larynx is known as a/an ____________________.

pleural effusion

Which condition is the abnormal escape of fluid into the pleural cavity?

bronchitis

Inflammation of the bronchial walls.

bronchoconstrictor

Narrows the opening of the passages into the lungs.

bronchodilator

Expands the opening of the passages into the lungs.

bronchorrhagia

Bleeding from the bronchi.

bronchorrhea

Excessive flow of mucus from the bronchi.

apnea

A potentially lethal condition in which breathing recurrently stops during sleep is known as sleep ____________________.

emphysema

The progressive loss of lung function due a decrease in the total number of alveoli, the enlargement of the remaining alveoli, and the progressive destruction of their walls is known as ____________________.

pneumonectomy

The surgical removal of all or part of a lung.

pharynx

Which structure carries both food and air?

pharyngoplasty

The surgical repair of the pharynx is known as a/an ____________________.

laryngorrhagia

Bleeding from the larynx.

pleural space

Which tissue or structure contains a watery lubricating fluid?

hemoptysis

Spitting of blood or bloodstained sputum derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as the result of a pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage.

endotracheal intubation

The passage of a tube through the nose or mouth into the trachea to establish an airway.

bronchoscopy

A diagnostic test that records the volume of air inhaled or exhaled.

atel/o

Word part: incomplete.

cyan/o

Word part: blue.

ectasis

Word part: stretching.

phon/o

Word part: voice.

pnea

Word part: breathing.

dyspnea

Difficult of labored breathing.

eupnea

Normal breathing.

hyperpnea

Abnormally deep respiration.

hypopnea

Shallow respiration.

tachypnea

Abnormally rapid respiration.

hypoxia

The condition of subnormal oxygen levels in the cells is known as ____________________.

one inhalation and one expiration

Which of the following is counted as a single respiration?

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