oxygenate blood, remove carbon dioxide
ABG's determine the effectiveness of the lungs ability to ...
partial pressure of gas
ABG values are expresse as...
partial pressure oxygen disolved in blood
% of hemoglobin saturation with oxygen in arterial blood
80 - 100 mm Hg
normal PaO2 value
what occurs when PaO2 drops < 80 mm Hg
cardiac arrhythmias, confusion, labored respiration
what occurs when PaO2 drops to 35 - 50 mm Hg
cardiac arrest, loss of consciousness
what occurs when PaO2 drops to 25 - 35 mm Hg
amt of carbond dioxide dissolved in arterial blood
35 - 45 mm Hg
normal PaCO2 level
7.35 - 7.45
normal pH of blood
when acid-base is balanced
increased H+ concentration in blood
Acidic blood has...
decreased H+ concentration in blood
Alkalotic blood has...
plasma bicarbonate chemical formula
machine used to measure lung capacity
enzyme in that causes CO2 to hydrate to H2CO3
H2CO3 comes into contact with carbonic anhydrase and dissociates into these 2 chemicals