Biological Pest Control
Control of pest populations by natural predators, parasites, or disease-causing bacteria and viruses (pathogens).
A chlorinated hydrocarbon that has been widely used as a pesticide but is now banned in some countries.
Point at which the economic loss caused by pest damage outweighs the cost of applying a pesticide.
Eukaryotic, mostly multicellular organisms such as mushrooms, molds, and yeasts. As decomposers, they get the nutrients they need by secreting enzymes that speed up the breakdown of organic matter in the tissue of the living or dead organisms. Then they absorb the resulting nutrients.
Insertion of an alien gene into an organism to give it a new and usually beneficial genetic trait.
Integrated Pest Management (IPM)
Combined use of environmental information along with biological, chemical, and cultivation methods in proper sequence and timing to keep the size of a pest population below the size that causes economically unacceptable loss of a crop or livestock animal with the least possible hazard to persons, property and the environment
How long a pollutant stays in the air, water, soil, or body.
Unwanted organism that directly or indirectly interferes with human activities.
Any chemical designed to kill or inhibit the growth of an organism that people consider undesirable.
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA)
provides the basis for regulation, sale, distribution and use of pesticides in the U.S.
Pesticide Registration Improvement Act (PRIA) of 2003
establishes pesticide registration service fees for registration actions in three pesticide program divisions: Antimicrobials, Biopesticides and Pollution Prevention
Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FFDCA)
authorizes EPA to set maximum residue levels, or tolerances, for pesticides used in or on foods or animal feed
Food Quality Protection Act of 1996 (FQPA)
amended two earlier laws setting tougher safety standards for new and old pesticides and making uniform requirements regarding processed and unprocessed foods
a pesticide that controls algae in swimming pools and water tanks
any man-made chemical which can be used to kill pests
a chemical that is derived from plants, fungi, bacteria, or other non-man-made synthesis and which can be used for pest control
gas or vapor intended to destroy pests in the house or in the ground
a pesticide used to control or destroy fungi on food or grain crops
a pesticide compound specifically used to kill or prevent the growth of insects
kill mites that feed on plants and animals
kill snails and slugs
biochemicals used to disrupt the mating behavior of insects
a pesticide or other agent used to kill rats and related species or to prevent them from damaging, food, crops, or forage
a pesticide designed to kill or control plants, weeds, or grasses
any organism for which the pesticide was intended to control
any organism for which the pesticide was not intended to control
the development and use of new pesticides as a result of pests becoming resistant to previous pesticide application and dosage
polybrominated diphenyl ethers; flame retardant chemicals used in textiles, foam in upholstery, and plastic in appliances and computers. Low exposures in the womb/shortly after birth can harm children's reproductive & nervous systems.
(Polychlorinated biphenyls) are synthetic chemicals widely used from the 1930s to the 1970s in industrial products such as heat exchange fluids, paints, plastics, and lubricants
farming and ranching operations where crops are grown with little or no use of synthetic pesticides, synthetic fertilizers, or genetically engineered seeds
metallic elements with a high density that are toxic to organisms at low concentrations (examples include mercury, lead, and arsenic)
A comprehensive term for the various ways acidic compounds precipitate from the atmosphere and deposit onto surfaces. It can include: 1) wet deposition by means of acid rain, fog, and snow; and 2) dry deposition of acidic particles (aerosols).
When there is scientific uncertainty about potentially serious harm from chemicals or technologies, decision makers should act to prevent harm to humans and the environment.
The purpose of this treaty was to limit production and use of "persistent organic pesticides" or POPs. Those POPs include DDT (an insecticide), mirex ( an insecticide) and Endrin (insecticide and rodent killer). The US is a non signatory state
dirty dozen food list
twelve foods most likely to have high pesticide levels
Registration, Evaluation, Authorization, and Restriction of Chemical Substances
Innocent until proven guilty principle
a fundamental principle of law that means the state must prove guilt; the suspect does not have to prove innocence