← Ecosystems Quiz Export Options Alphabetize Word-Def Delimiter Tab Comma Custom Def-Word Delimiter New Line Semicolon Custom Data Copy and paste the text below. It is read-only. Select All What is the function of roots? ABSORB and TRANSPORT water and nutrients... they also ANCHOR the plant to the ground. Where do all food chains and food webs begin? With the sun. What direction do the arrows in food chains and food webs go? In the direction the energy is being transferred. What gives plants their green color? chlorophyll What are producers? plants that can produce their own food through the process of photosynthesis What are the three types of consumers? herbivores, carnivores and omnivores What are herbivores? consumers that eat only plants What are carnivores? consumers that eat only meat What are omnivores? consumers that eat both plants and meat What is an organism? An organism is an individual form of life, such as plants, animals, protests, bacterium, or fungi. It is a body made up of organs, organelles, or other parts that work together to carry on the various processes of life. In short, a living thing. What is a nutrient? ... a chemical that an organism needs to live and grow or a substance used in an organism's metabolism which must be taken in from its environment. They are used to build and repair tissues, regulate body processes and are converted to and used as energy. What are two types of decomposers? bacteria and fungi What are decomposers? they consume (eat) dead and decaying matter and reduces them to simpler forms of matter What are consumers? ... they cannot produce their own food. They eat plants and/or other animals.