Arteries of the Head, Face, and Neck

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common carotid arteries

are the main source of blood supply to the head, face, and neck. They are located on either side of the neck, and each one is divided into an internal external branch.

internal carotid artery

supplies blood to the brain, eyes, eyelids, forehead, nose, and internal ear.

external carotid artery

supplies blood to the anterior (front) parts of the scalp, ear, face, neck, and side of the head. The external carotid artery subdivides into several branches.

facial artery or external maxillary artery

supplies blood to the lower region of the face, mouth, and nose.

submental artery

supplies blood to the chin and lower lip.

inferior labial artery

supplies blood to the lower lip

angular artery

supplies blood to the side of the nose.

superior labial artery

supplies blood to the upper lip and region of the nose.

superficial temporal artery

is a continuation of the external carotid artery and supplies blood to the muscles of the front, side and top of the head.

frontal artery

supplies blood to the forehead and upper eyelids.

parietal artery

supplies blood to the side and crown of the head.

transverse facial artery

supplies blood to the skin and masseter.

middle temporal artery

supplies blood to the temples.

anterior auricular artery

supplies blood to the front part of the ear.

occipital artery

supplies blood to the skin and muscles of the scalp and back of the head up to the crown.

posterior auricular artery

supplies the scalp, the area behind and above the ear, and the skin behind the ear.

supraorbital artery

supplies blood to the upper eyelids and forehead.

infraorbital artery

supplies blood to the muscles of the eye.

internal and external jugular (veins)

These are the most important veins of the face and neck and are parallel to the carotid arteries. These veins transport the blood returning to the heart from the head, face, and neck.

ulnar artery

The ulnar artery and its many branches supply the little-finger side of the arm and palm of the hand.

radial artery

Supply the thumb side of the arm and back of the hand.

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