K12 Psychology Unit 4 Terms (How We Remember)

15 terms by katadea 

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three-box model

model of memory used in order to help explain the connections between Sensory Memory, Short-term Memory and Long-term Memory

sensory memory

a split-second holding area that stores incoming information long enough for the brain to determine what to do with it

short-term memory

takes information from sensory memory, allows the brain to determine if it needs to store the information, transforms the information that the brain deems necessary into a form that can be transferred to long-term memory and disposes of unnecessary information, and - processes the information into long-term memory for permanent storage. A.K.A. working memory

selective attention

the brain's ability to process every sensory message within the gated sense, but concentrate on only one message at a time

long-term memory

the permanent storage area for memory with seemingly no limit to memory capacity or duration

rehearsal

the act of repeating new information in order to aid in processing and retrieval (hint: you're doing it right now)

encoding

occurs when the brain sends memories from short-term memory to long-term memory; this is affected by: the level of processing, the importance or uniqueness of the new information, the number of times the information is repeated

recognition

the memory retrieval process that is based on matching new information with information already stored in long-term memory through the use of a sensory cue

recall

the memory retrieval process that requires searching long-term memory for pertinent information without the use of a sensory cue

neuron

type of nerve cell used to transfer information through the use of chemicals

neurotransmitter

chemicals responsible for carrying information between neurons; responsible for most activities within the brain, such as processing and storing memories, processing sensory information, regulating mood and emotions, regulating body movements and functions

neurological

adjective to describe communications where functions use neurotransmitters to communicate between the neurons.

long-term potentiation

the stronger bond formed between two neurons after the same signal is repeated several times

hypnosis

dream-like state or trance during which forgotten or suppressed memories may be heightened through suggestion

synapses

the gaps between neurons through which the neurotransmitters flow from one neuron to another

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