Milady's Esthetics Chapter 4

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Material Safety Data Sheet

Manufacturer's supply hazardous ingredients, safe use and handling procedures, precautions to reduce the risk of harm and overexposure, flammability and data in case of a fire, proper disposal guidelines and medical information.

Disinfectants

The two types that are used in salons and spas are chemical disinfectants and hospital grade disinfectants.

Tuberculodial disinfectants

kill the bacteria that causes tuberculosis.

Acquired Immunity

immunity developed after the body overcomes a disease, or through inoculation

AIDS

acquired immune deficiency syndrome, a disease caused by the HIV virus that breaks down the body's immune system

anitseptic

agents that may kill, retard, or prevent the growth of bacteria

aseptic procedure

process of properly handling sterilized and disinfected equipment and supplies so that they do not become contaminated by microorganisms until they are used on a client

asymptomatic

showing no sympstoms or signs of infection

autoclave

apparatus for sterilization by steam under pressure

bacilli

short, rod shaped bacteria the most common bacteria produce diseases such as tetanus typhoid fever, tuberculosis, and diptheria

bacteria

one celled microorganisms with both plant and animal characteristics also known as microbes

bactericidal

capable of destroying bacteria

bloodborne pathogens

disease causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in blood or body fluids

cilia

hairlike extensions that protrude from cells and help to sweep away fluids and particles

cocci

round bacteira that appear alone or in groups

communicable

when a disease spreads from one person to another by contact

contagious

communicable or transmittable by contact

contaminants

substances that can cause contamination

contaminated

when an object or product has microorganisms in or on it

cross contaminated

contamination that occurs when you touch an object, such as the skin, and then touch an object or product with the same hand or untensil

decontamination

removal of pathogens and other substances from tools and surfaces

dermatophytes

a type of fungi that cause skin, hair, and nail infections

diplococci

spheirical bacteria that grow in pairs and cause diseases such a pneumonia

disinfectants

chemical agents used to destroy most bacteria, fungi, and viruses and to disinfect implements and surfaces

efficacy

effectiveness

exposure incidents

a specific contact of a client's blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) with the estetician's eyes, mouth ,or other mucous membranes as a result or performing services and duties.

flagella

long threads attached to the cell to help it move.

fungi

vegetable parasite, including molds, mildews, and yeasts.

fungicidal

capable of destroying fungi

general infection

infection that results when the bloodstream carries pathogens and their toxins to all parts of the body

hepatitis

disease marked by inflammation of the liver and caused by a bloodborne virus.

HIV

Human immunodeficiency virus: virus that causes aids

Infection

the invasion of body tissues by disease causing pathogenic bacteria

local infections

infection that is confined to a particular part of the body and is indiciated by a lesions containing pus.

Pus

A fluid created by tissue inflammation that contains white blood cells, the debris of dead cells, tissue elements, and bacteria.

general infection

results when the bloodstream carries the bacteria or virus and their toxins (poisons) to all parts of the body.

Contagious

transmittable by contact

Communicable

when a disease spreads from one person to another by contact

Virus

A microscopic organism, capable of infesting almost all plants and animals, including bacteria.

HIV

The virus that causes AIDS, passed from person to person through blood and other body fluids such as semen and vaginal secretions.

Hepatitis

A bloodborne pathogen that causes a disease marked by inflammation of the liver.

Blood borne pathogens

Disease causing bacteria or viruses that are carried through the body in the blood or body fluids such as hepatitis and HIV

Parasites

Those living inside (endoparasites) a host and those living outside (ectoparasites)

Protozoa

Single celled parasites with the ability to move.

Pediculosis

Head lice

Scabies

A contagious skin disease, caused by the itch mite, which burrows under the skin.

Fungi

Yeast, molds, and mildews

Dermatophytes

The fungi that cause skin, nail, and hair infections.

Immunity

The ability of the body to resist disease and prevent infection.

Natural immunity

A naturally inherited resistance to disease.

Acquired immunity

Developed after the body overcomes a disease, or through inoculation.

Decontamination

removal of pathogens and other substances from tools and other surfaces.

Sanitation

Significantly reduce the number of pathogens or disease-producing organisms found on a surface.

Antiseptics

Kill, retard, or prevent the growth of bacteria, but they aren't classified as disinfectants

Disinfection

The process of killing most microorganisms on hard, nonporous surfaces.

Contaminated

Substances that can cause contamination

Disinfectants

chemical agents used to destroy most bacteria and some viruses and to disinfect implements and surfaces

Sterilization

The highest level of decomtamintaion, kills all microorganisms, including bacteria, viruses, fungi, and bacterial spores

autoclave

an apparatus for sterilization by steam under pressure.

Efficacy

Effectiveness

Pseudomonacidal

Effective against Pseudomonas bacteria

Quaternary ammonium compounds

Quats, a type of disinfectant considered non toxic, odorless, and fast acting.

Phenol

Carbolic acid, a caustic poison, used for peels and to sanitize metallic implements

Cross contamination

When you touch and object such as the skin without sanitzing your hands, and then touch an object or product with the same hand or untensil

Universal Precautions

A set of guidelines published by OSHA that require the employer and the employee to assume that all human blod and body fluids are infectious for bloodborne pathogens.

Asymptomatic

Showing no symptoms or signs of infection

Exposure incident

A specific contact of a client's blood or other potentially infectious materials (OPIM) with the estheticians eyes, mouth, or other mucous membranes as a result of performing services and duties.

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