Chapter 5, Europe in the middle ages

20 terms by shartwell 

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Middle Ages

the years between ancient and modern times

medieval

referring to the Medieval Ages

feudalism

a system in which land was owned by Kings or Lords but held by vassals in return for their loyalty

manor

a large estate, often including farms and a village, ruled by a lord

serf

a farm worker considered part of the manor on which he or she worked

knight

a man who received honor and land in exchange for serving a lord as a soldier

clergy

persons with authority to perform religious services

excommunication

expelling someone from the Church

guild

a medieval organization of crafts workers or tradespeople

apprentice

an unpaid person training in a craft or trade

chivalry

the code of honorable conduct for knights

troubadour

traveling poet and musician of the Middle Ages

Holy Land

Jerusalem and parts of the surrounding area where Jesus lived and taught

Crusades

a series of military expeditions launched by Christian Europeans to win the Holy Land back from Muslim control

Jerusalem

a city in the Holy Land, regarded as sacred by Christians, Muslims, and Jews

pilgrim

a person who journeys to a sacred place

nation

a community of people that shares territory and a government

Magna Carta

the "The Great Charter," in which the King's power over his nobles was limited agreed to by King John of England in 1215

Model parliament

a council of lords, clergy, and common people that advised the English king on government matters

Hundred Years' War

a series of conflicts between England and France, 1337-1453

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