Project Management Planning project, Part 1

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An introduction to Project management, 3rd edition by Kathy Schwalbe

What can project teams create to help promote teamwork and clarify team communications

a team contract

The main purpose of project Planning is to?

obtain funding for the project

Project teams develop a_______to corrdinate all other project plans

project mangement plan

A _______is a deliverable-oriented grouping of the work involved in a project that defines the total scope of the project.

WBS

A _____is a task at the lowest level of the WBS that represents the level of work that the project manager uses to monitor and control the project.

Work package

What is the first step in planning a project schedule

developing an activity list

What is the most common type of dependency between activites?

Finish-to-start

The_______method is a network diagramming technique used to predict total project duration.

Crititcal path

What cost estimateing techinque uses project characteristitcs in a mathematical model to estimate project costs?

Parametric modeling

A________is a time-phased budget that project managers use to measure and monitor cost performance.

Cost performance Baseline

A __________________ is a condition or capability that must be met or possessed by a system, product, service, result, or component to satisfy a contract, standard, specification, or other formal document.

requirement

What task was on the critical path for building Disney's Animal Kingdom theme park?

growing grass

The entire project is called level _________ in a WBS.

1

You develop a WBS by analyzing a similar project. You are using the _________ approach.

analogy

Project teams often create a ____________ to ensure that all major activities are accounted for.

milestone list

You estimate the cost to get a masters degree by considering factors like the quality of the institution, how long it will take, if you will work while studying, etc. What cost estimation technique are you using?

parametric modeling

What is the formula for determining a PERT weighted average?

(optimistic time + 4 x most like time + pessimistic time)/6

(T/F)Project planning includes tasks for every single knowledge area.

True

(T/F)A team contract can be used to help promote teamwork and clarify team communications as part of the planning process.

True

(T/F)The PERT weighted average formula takes the optimistic time plus pessimistic time plus 6 times the most likely time all divided by 6.

Fales

(T/F)Work breakdown structure tasks that are decomposed into smaller tasks are called work packages

False

(T/F)In order to use critical path analysis, you need to estimate the costs for tasks.

False

(T/F)Estimating the cost to build a house based on the price per square foot is an example of analogous estimating.

False

(T/F)Growing grass was on the critical path for Disney's Animal Kingdom theme park.

True

(T/F)A work breakdown structure can be shown in chart form, like an organizational chart, or tabular form, like an indented list.

True

(T/F)Several methods for collecting requirements include interviews, questionnaires, and prototype

True

(T/F)A baseline is a starting point, a measurement, or an observation that is documented so that it can be used for future comparison

True

______A standard format for displaying project schedule information by listing project activites and thier corresponding start and finsih dates in a calendar format.

Gantt charts

____A scheduling technique used to calculate an activity's late start and late finish.

Backward Pass

____A schduling technique used to calculate an activit's early start and early finish. the forward pass bust be completed before the project duration can be determined.

Forward pass

____the longest path through a newtwork diagram scheule, which includes those activites that have zero days of float. The critical path determines the overall project duration.

Crititcal path

______A schematic display of the logical relationships among, or sequencing of, project activities

Network Diagram.

____A technique that uses project characterisitics(parameters) in a mathematical model to estimate project costs.

Parametiric modeling

_____A network diagramming technique in which boxes represent activities.

Precedence diagramming

____A deliverable-oriented grouping of the work involved in a project that defines the total scope of the project.

Work breakdown structure

____The amount of time an activity may be delyed without delaying a suceeding activity or the project finish date.

Float or Slack

____the estimates that use the actural cost of a previous, similar project as the basis for estimating the cost of the current project.

analogous estimates, or top-down estimates

____Additional time to complete a task, added to an estimate to account for various factors

buffer

____ A technique for making cost and schedule trade-offs to obtain the greatest amount of schedule compression for the least incremental costs.

crashing

____the series of activites that determine the earliest time by wich the project can be completed; it is the longest path through the network diagram and has the least amount of slack or flost

Critical path

___An estimate that includes an optimistic, most likely, and pessimistic estimate

Three-point estimate

What are the two most commmon types of schedules used in consturction?

Gantt chart and the network diagram

Name two techniques used to create a network diagram

Activity -on-arrow method and the activity-on-node method.

What is another name for the activity-on node(AON) network diagram?

precedence diagram.

What are the three stages of network diagram devleopment?

Planning stage, the sequencing stage, and the scheduling stage

three diffrent types of activites that are included in the typical schedule, and give an example of each.

Production activites(eg. installing siding), Procurement activites(eg. ordering windows)
Adminsitrative activites(eg. obtaining building permit)

What is the critical path and why is it important from a project mangement standpoint?

The critical path is the continuous chain of activites with the longet(combined) overall duration in the network diagram. Critical path determined the project duration and nay dely in any activity along the critial path results in a delay in overall project.

Three calcualtion that must be performed to determin the project duration and the critical path are the _____,_____ and the total___calcualtions

Forward pass, backward pass, float

After you complete a forward and backward pass, how do you know which activites are on the criitcal path?

The activites that have no total float will be the activites on the critical path.

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