What were the improvements to tools & what did that led to?
New heavier plow--> Carruca--> dug into deep wet soil
use of metal tools (hammer, nail, axe, hoe, horse, shoe)
serfs & peasants produced more
What did peasants & serfs used before a horse? What was the benefits of horse? What did this led to?
Peasants & serfs--> ox-->horse-50% faster but needed more care
new horse collar--> team horses
What was the three field system? How was it beneficial?
crop rotation & rejuvenation of soil
What did the improvements to farming lead to?
efficiency-->leisure time & surplus of food
surplus of food--> +population, +learning, $ economy, centralized rule, -church
population increased & leisure time--> specialization