The Language of Medicine by Chabner - Chapter 3

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162 terms · The Language of Medicine by Chabner

abdomin/o

abdomen

acr/o

exremities, top, extreme point

acu/o

sharp, severe, sudden

aden/o

gland

adip/o

fat

amni/o

amnion (sac surrounding the embryo in the uterus)

angi/o

vessel

arteri/o

artery

arthr/o

joint

axill/o

armpit

bi/o

life

blephar/o

eyelid

bronch/o

brochial tubes

carcin/o

cancer

cardi/o

heart

chem/o

drug, chemical

chondr/o

cartilage

chron/o

time

col/o

colon (large intestine)

cyst/o

urinary bladder

encephal/o

brain

erythr/o

red

hem/o

blood

hepat/o

liver

hydr/o

water, fluid

inguin/o

groin

isch/o

to hold back

lapar/o

abdomen, abdominal wall

laryng/o

larynx (voice box)

leuk/o

white

lymph/o

lymph, a clear fluid that bathes tissue spaces.

mamm/o

female breast

mast/o

male breast

morph/o

shape, form

muc/o

mucus

my/o

muscle

myle/o

spinal cord, bone marrow

necr/o

death ( of cells or whole body)

nephr/o

kidney

neur/o

nerve

neutr/o

neutrophil ( a white blood cell)

nucle/

nucleus

opthalm/o

eye

oste/o

bone

ot/o

ear

path/o

disease

peritone/o

peritoneum

phag/o

to eat, swallow

phleb/o

vein

plas/o

formation, development

pleur/o

pleura (membrane surrounding lungs and adjacent to chest wall)

pneumon/o

lungs

pulmon/o

lungs

radi/o

x-rays

rect/o

rectum

ren/o

kidney

rhin/o

nose

sarc/o

flesh

splen/o

spleen

staphyl/o

clusters

strept/o

twisted chains

thorac/o

chest

thromb/o

clot

tonsill/o

tonsils

trache/o

trachea (windpipe)

ven/o

vein

-algia

pain

-cele

hernia

-centesis

surgical puncture to remove fluid

-coccus

berry-shaped bacterium

-cocci

bacteria

-cyte

cell

-dynia

pain

-ectomy

excision, removal, resection

-emia

blood condition

-genesis

condition of producing, forming

-gram

recod

-graphy

instrument for recording

-itis

inflammation

-logy

study of

-lysis

breakdown, destruction, separation

-malacia

softening

-megaly

enlargement

-oma

tumor, mass, collection of fluid

-opsy

to view

-osis

condition, usually abnormal

-pathy

disease condition

-penia

deficiency

-phobia

fear

-plasia

development, formation, growth

-plasty

surgical repair

-ptosis

falling, dropping, prolapse

-sclerosis

hardening

-scope

instument for visual examination

-scopy

process of visual examination ( with an endoscope)

-stasis

stopping, controlling

-stomy

opening to form a mouth (stoma)

-therapy

treatment

-tomy

incision, cutting into

-trophy

developement, nourishment

-er

one who

-ia

condition

-ist

specialist

-ole

little, small

-ule

little, small

-um, -ium

structure, tissue

-us

structure, substance

-y

condition, process

-ac, -iac

pertaining to

al-

pertaining to

-ar

pertaining to

-ary

pertaining to

-eal

pertaining to

-genic

pertaining to producing

-ic, -ical

pertaining to

-oid

resembling

-ose

pertaining to, full of

-ous

pertaining to

-tic

pertaining to

hernia

protrusion of an organ or part through the muscle normally containing it

hiatal hernia

a condition in which a portion of the stomach protrudes upward into the chest, through an opening in the diaphragm

inguinal hernia

occurs when part of the intestine protrudes downward into the groin region and commonly into the scrotal sac in the male.

cystocele

occurs when part of the urinary bladder herniates through the vaginal wall as a result of weakness of the pelvic muscles.

rectocele

protrusion of a portion of the rectum toward the vagina

omphalocele

herniation at the umbilicus ( a part of the intestine protrudes through the abdominal wall at birth)

amnion

the sac (membrane) that surrounds the embryo (called the fetus after the 8th wk) in the uterus

amniocentesis

analysis between 12th and 18th weeks of pregnancy

streptococcus

berry-shaped bacterium, grows in twisted chains

staphylococci

other berry-shaped bacteria, grow in small clusters, like grapes

abscess

collection of pus, white blood cells, and protein that is present at the site of infection

MRSA infection

(Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus) affects the skin, causing "boils" and abscesses

diplocci

berry-shaped bacteria organized in pairs

pneumococci

causes bacterial pneumonia

gonococci

invade the reproductive organs, causing gonorrhea

erythrocytes

red blood cells

hemoglobin

carries oxygen through the bloodstream

leukocytes

white blood cells

granulocytes

contain dark-staining granules in their cytoplasm and have multilobed nucleus, formed in bone marrow

eosinophils

active and increased in number in allergic conditions such as asthma

basophils

number of these cells increases in the healing phase of inflammation

neutrophils

important in diseas-fighting cells

phagocytes

engulf and digest bacteria

polymorphonuclear leukocytes

many

mononuclear leukocytes (agranulocyes)

produced in bone marrow, lymoh nodes, and the spleen

lymphocytes

fight disese by producing antibodies

monocytes

engulf and destroy cellular debris after neutrophils have attacked foreign cells.

macrophages

large phagocytes

thrombocytes or platelets

clotting cells

aplastic anemia

severe type, occurs when bone marrow fails to produce not only erythrocytes but leukocytes and thrombrocytes as well

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