Chapter 7

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The phrase "critical period" refers to

America under the Articles of Confederation

In the final years of the Revolutionary War, ___________emerged as the most influential figure in the government

Robert Morris

Which one of the following gave the Confederation government the most trouble?

finances

Under the Articles of Confederation western lands would be

owned by the national government

The 640-acre sections created in the Northwest

would likely be bought by land speculators

The United States departed from the colonial policies of Great Britain by:

promising equal statehood to all unsettled western territory

Which of the following was NOT part of the Northwest Ordinance?

New states formed from the Northwest Territory had to allow Indians "perpetual representation" in the state governments

The plan presented by Reverend Cather of the Ohio Company was to settle the Northwest with:

military veterans

After the Revolutionary War, American trade with Britain

resumed

An important new development came in the mid-1780s, when the United States opened trade with

China

An ongoing source of American tension toward the British was

British forts along the Canadian border

One serious economic problem under the Articles of Confederation was

the differing tariff policies of the states

The movement for states to issue paper money in the 1780s was led by

farmers

Shays's Rebellion broke out in

western Massachusetts

Shays's Rebellion was led by

indebted farmers

In response to Shays's Rebellion, Thomas Jefferson

said occasional revolts were necessary

The Annapolis Convention of 1786

grew out of discussion among the states about commercial cooperation

How many states were represented at the Annapolis Convention?

5

The convention, which assembled in May 1787, was supposed to

revise the Articles of Confederation

The delegates who met

included many participants in the Revolution

At the outset of the Constitutional Convention, whom did the delegates unanimously elect as president of the convention?

George Washington

Madison's Virginia Plan

would create a two-house Congress

The Great Compromise

settled the question of congressional representation

The Constitution addressed slavery by

stating that the African slave trade could not be banned before 1808

On the question of women's rights, the proposed Constitution

said nothing

The great majority of the Founding Fathers rejected

rule by the people

The Founding Fathers viewed the most "democratic" branch of the government as the

House of Representatives

Under the proposed constitution, members of the Senate would

be chosen by state legislatures

According to the Constitution, the president has the authority to do all the following EXCEPT

resign and choose his successor

Amendments to the Constitution

would be proposed by a two-thirds vote of Congress

The Constitution was to be considered ratified as soon as it had been approved by

nine of the states

Charles Beard's study of the Constitution

described the selfish economic interests of the men who wrote it

Charles Beard's writings on the Constitution at least caution us against

hero worship

Most of the Federalist essays were written by

Alexander Hamilton

Federalist Number 10 explains how a republic can

be successful in a large, diverse society

Who among the following was an anti-Federalist?

Patrick Henry

Anti-Federalist leaders

wanted a Bill of Rights to protect individuals from the new government

The first of these states to ratify the Constitution was

Delaware

The Constitution was ratified

despite a close vote in Massachusetts

As the new Constitution went into effect, Founding Fathers like Franklin and Washington viewed its future with feelings of

uncertainty

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