The Medical branch of science that deals with the study of skin - its nature, structure, functions, diseases, and treatment.
Is the largest organ of the body.
Have the thinnest layer of skin.
Occurs when continued pressure is applied on any part of the skin and causes it to thicken.
Is the outermost layer of the skin. This layer is also called the cuticle, is the thinnest layer of skin and forms a protective covering for the body. Is composed of 5 layers
Basal cell Layer
Also referred to as the stratum germinativum, is the deepest layer of the epidermis. It is composed of several layers of differently shaped cells. It is the live layer of the epidermis, which produces new epidermal skin cells and is responsible for the growth of the epidermis. it also contain special cells caleed melanocytes.
Melanin forming cells
Tiny grains of pigment(coloring matters) deposited in the basal cell layer of the epidermis and papillary layers of the dermis.
Also referred to as the spiny layer is just above the basal cell layer. It is in the spiny layer that the beginning of the process that causes skin cells to shed.
Or granular layer, consists of cells that look like distinct granules. These cells are almost dead and are pushed to the surface to replace cells that are shed from the skin surface.
Is the clear, transparent layer just under the skin surface; it consists of small cells through which light can pass.
Or horny layer, is the outer layer of the epidermis. The corneum is the layer we see when we look at the skin, and the layer treated by the practitioner.
A fiver protien that is also the principal component of hair and nails.
Is the underlying or inner layer of the skin. it is also called the derma, corium cutis or true skin. Is composed of 2 layers papillary layer and reticular layer.
also referred to as superficial layer. Is the outer layer of the dermis directly beneath the epidermis. here you will find dermal papillae.
Are small, cone-shaped elevation at the bottom of the hair follicles.
Nerve endings that are sensitive to touch and pressure.
Epidermal Dermal Junction
The top of the papillary layer where it joins the epidermis.
Is the deepest ;ayer of the dermis that supplies the skin with oxygen and nutrients.
Is a fatty layer found below the dermis that some specialists regard as continuation of the dermis.q
Adipose or Sudcutis
Tissue that gives smoothness and contour to the body, contains fats for use as energy, and also acts as a protective cushion for the outer skin.
Supplies nutrients and oxygen to the skin.
Arrector pili muscles
These muscles can cause goose bumps when a person is frightened or cold.
Red to yellow in color.
Brown to black in color.
Is a fibrous protien that gives skin form and strength.
Protein base similar to collagen the forms elastic tissue, gives skin is flexibility and elasticity. Helps skin regain its shape.
Sweat glands of the skin
Oil glands of the skin connected to hair follicles.
A tube-like duct that ends at the skin surface to form sweat pores.
Pore impaction that could lead to an acne papule or pustule. caused from hardening of sebum.
The Five Principal functions of the skin
Protection, Sensation, Heat regulation, excretion, secretion, and absorption.
Prescription cream used for acne.
Composes 50-70 percent of body weight. the amount of water needed by an indiviual varies, depending on body weight and the level of daily physical activity.
Aids in the health, function, and repair of skin cells.
Is needed for proper repair of the skin and various tissues.
Promotes the helthy and rapid healing of the skin.
Helps fight against, and protect the skin from the harmful effects of the sun's rays.
Specialist in the cleansing, preservation of health, and beautification of the skin and body.