The repetition of identical of similar consonant sounds, normally at the beginning of words.
A reference in a work of literature to something outside the work, especially to a well-known historical or literary event, person, or work.
A figure of speech characterized by strongly contrasting words, clauses, sentences or ideas, as in "Man proposes; God disposes."
A figure of speech in which someone (usually, but not always absent), some abstract quality, or nonexistent personage is directly addressed as though present.
The repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds.
A four-line stanza rhymed abcd with four feet in lines one and three and three feet in lines two and four.
Unrhymed iambic pentameter. The meter of most of Shakespeare's plays.
A harsh, unpleasant combination of sounds or tones.
A pause, usually near the middle of a line of verse, usually indicated by the sense of the line, and often greater than the normal pause.
An ingenious and fanciful notion or conception, usually expressed through an elaborate analogy, and pointing to a striking parallel between two seemingly dissimilar things.
The repetition of similar consonant sounds in a group of words.
A two-line stanza, usually with end-rhymes the same.
Devices of Sound
The techniques of deploying the sound of words, especially in poetry.
The use of words in a literary work.
A poem which is intended primarily to teach a lesson.
A poem which employs a dramatic form or some element or elements of dramatic techniques as a means of achieving poetic ends.
A sustained and formal poem setting forth the poet's meditations upon death or another solemn theme.
A line with a pause at the end.
The continuation of the sense and grammatical construction from one line of poetry to the next.
An implied analogy, or comparison, which is carried throughout a stanza or an entire poem.
A style in which combinations of words pleasant to the ear predominate.
Rhyme that appears correct from spelling, but is half-rhyme or slant rhyme from the pronunciation.
A rhyme of two syllables, one stressed and one unstressed, as "waken" and "forsaken" and "audition" and "rendition".
Writing that uses figures of speech (as opposed to literal language or that which is actual or specifically denoted) such as metaphor, irony, and simile.
Poetry which is not written in a traditional meter but is still rhythmical.
Two end-stopped iambic pentameter lines rhymed aa, bb, cc with the though usually completed in the two-line unit.
A deliberate, extravagant, and often outrageous exaggeration.
The images of a literary work; the sensory details of a work; the figurative language of a work.
The contrast between actual meaning and the suggestion of another meaning.
Rhyme that occurs within a line, rather than at the end.
Any short poem that presents a single speaker who expresses thoughts and feelings.
Rhyme that falls on the stressed and concluding syllables of the rhyme-words.
A figurative use of language in which a comparison is expressed without the use of a comparative term like "as," "like," or "than."
The repetition of a regular rhythmic unit in a line of poetry.
A figure of speech which is characterized by the substitution of a term naming object closely associated with the word in mind for the word itself.
The mingling of one metaphor with another immediately following with which the first is incongruous.