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Growth Hormone (GH)

promotes movement of amino acids into cell (promotes growth)

Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH)

stimulates thyroid gland to produce T4 and T3

adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH)

corticotropin; stimulates adrenal cortex to secrete glucocorticoids (cortisol)

Follicle Stimulating hormone (FSH)

folliculotropin; stimulates ovarian follicles/sperm cell production and perhaps other systems as well

Luteinizing hormone (LH)

luteotropin; stimulates ovulation and CL formation; interstitial cell stimulating hormone (ICSH) in males; secretion of male sex hormones from interstitial cells

Prolactin (PRL)

stimulation of milk production supporting role in regulation of male reproductive system; acts on kidneys to help regulate water and electrolyte balance

Anti-Diuretic hormone (ADH)

vasopressin; promotes reabsorption (retention) of water in kidney

Oxytocin

stimulates contractions of uterus during labor stimulates contraction of mammary gland alveoli (milk ejection); rises in ejaculation (not sure why)

Mineralocorticoids

stimulate kidneys to retain Na+ and water, and excrete K+

Glucocorticoids

stimulate gluconeogenesis; inhibit glucose utilization (increase blood glucose); promote lipolysis; exogenous corticosteriods are anti-inflammatory and immuno suppressive

Androgens

male sex steriods secreted by gonads; some produced by body but high doses are illegal in sports

thyroid follicles

contain colloid (protein rich fluid) - accumulates iodine

calcitonin

from parafollicular cells; antagonistic to PTH (lowers blood Ca+); ihibits dissolution of bone crystals; stimulates Ca+ excretion in urine; 25 hour half life

Parathyroid hormone (PTH)

most important in blood calcium regulation; raises blood Ca+ by acting on bones, kidneys, and intestine

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