inability to recognize objects by use of the senses
visual, auditory, tactile
Agnosia may be one of these three types:
Increased muscle tone is called:
Decreased muscle tone is called:
When grading reflexes, ____ is hyperreflexia with Clonus
When grading reflexes, ____ is an exaggerated response
When grading reflexes, ____ is normal
When grading reflexes, ____ is a weak response
When grading reflexes, ____ indicates absent or no response.
When grading muscle strength, ____ indicates minimal strength.
When grading muscle strength, ____ indicates ability to move.
When grading muscle strength, ____ indicates ability to overcome gravity.
When grading muscle strength, ____ indicates fair strength.
When grading muscle strength, ____ indicates full strength.
When grading muscle strength, ____ indicates no strength.
A positive ________ sign may indicate a possible upper motor neuron lesion.
Used to obtain CSF for examination, to measure and reduce CSF pressure, to determine presence of blood in CSF, to administer meds intrathecally
With lumbar puncture, there is a risk of ________ due to CSF leak.
patient on side with back close to edge of bed
What is the preferred position for a lumbar puncture?
What should the CSF look like?
The CSF should contain ____ RBCs and ______ WBCs/mcg.
The CSF should contain _____ mg/dl of protein.
The CSF should contain ______% of serum glucose
After a lumbar puncture, how long should the patient lay flat?
sensation and movement
After a lumbar puncture, monitor the lower extremities for ______________
x-ray study of the cerebral circulation with a contrast agent; used to detect vascular disease, aneurysms, cerebral circulation changes or tumors
For a cerebral angiogram, a catheter is threaded through the ________ to the vessel
Prior to the cerebral angiogram, check for allergies to ________ or _________
may feel warmth in face, behind eyes, jaw and a metallic taste from the dye
What side effects might a patient experience related to a cerebral angiogram?
After a cerebral angiogram, the patient will need bed rest for ________ or as ordered
After a procedure using a contrast medium, it is important to ________________ to help patient excrete the dye
Nuclear imaging technique that produces images of brain function (blood flow, tissue composition, metabolism, glucose use)
x-ray of the subarachnoid space of the spine
radionuclide imaging study - brain scan
radioactive agent given by IV 2 hours before test; passage of the agent is scanned as it goes through the cerebral circulation; provides information about blood flow
recording of the electrical activity of the brain
For this diagnostic study, the patient may need to be sleep deprived, and will not be allowed to use tranquilizers, sedatives or caffeine for 1 to 2 days prior to the test
identifies peripheral nerve injury; records nerve conduction velocity; usually combined with EMG
non-invasive carotid flow study
doppler study that identifies occlusive disease in carotid artery and branched; duplex combines real-time image and color flow imaging, looks at direction of blood flow
measures the time needed for pulse waves to travel a specific depth and return; valuable in determining cerebral vasospasm