Vehicle Accident Injuries and Treatment Test

15 terms by slapshot53

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flail chest

three or more adjacent ribs broken in two or more places

vehicle extraction

removing victims from a vehicle (hearst tool or Jaws of Life)

traumatic brain injury (TBI)

brain injury that occurs when the head is struck or hit by some external force

emergency medical system (EMS)

get help for scene of crash, etc. 911

diffuse axonal injury

injury that occurs between different parts of the brain that results in twisting of the brain

ACLS

advanced cardiac life support

myocardial contusion

a bruise of the myocardium caused by blunt trauma to the chest

peroitonitis

an inflammation of the peritoneum (cavity)

auscultation

bowel sounds in the chest (listening: ears or stethoscope)

crepitance

bones rubbing against each other

signs of flail chest

chest pushed forward and crepitance (uneven breathing)

signs of abdonimal injury

bruising, pain, tenderness, rigidity

leading cause of MVC's

aortic rupture

hazards w/vehicle extractions

fire or explosion, unexploded charges, and vehicle shifting (rolling onto rescuers)

interventions w/ vehicle extractions

stabilize patient, perform basic vitals, ABC's, cervical collar, EMS

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