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Where does peristalsis occur in the digestive system?

from the pharynx to the anus

What is the function of the mucus in the stomach?

to protect the surface of the inner wall of the stomach

Which organs are accessory organs?

pancreas, liver, and gallbladder

When nutrients are digested but are not taken in by the intestinal tissues, this condition is called....

malabsorption

The major function of the large intestine is to what?

reabsorb water from chime

The double layered folds of peritoneum that support portions of the small intestine are called....?

mesenteries

The process by which bile causes the breakdown of fat globules into smaller droplets is called what?

emulsification

What is the function of the liver?

to form glucose from non-carbohydrates, store vitamin d, and destroy damaged red blood cells

What is a valve that controls the movement of food between the stomach and small intestine?

pyloric sphincter

The main part of the stomach is called the what?

body region

What is a wavelike propelling movement that forces food through the alimentary canal?

peristalsis

What is the function of the gallbladder?

to store bile

Where is the vomiting center located?

medulla oblongata

A hiatal hernia is due to a weakness where?

abdominal wall

What is the largest of the major salivary glands located anterior and inferior of each ear?

parotid glands

What connects the mouth with esophagus?

pharynx

Chym--

juice

Hepta--

liver

Aliment--

food

Gastr--

stomach

Nutri--

nourish

Villi--

hairy

What is the space inside a tubular structure, such as an intestine?

lumen

Food passing from the stomach through the small intestine would pass through these parts in order...

duodenum, ileum, jejunum

The condition called lactose intolerance is caused by what?

deficiency of lactase

What are the nutrients that begin digestion in the mouth?

carbohydrates

How long is the small intestine?

6 meters

What is made by the skin when it is exposed to sunlight?

vitamin d

What is an open sore in the mucous membrane resulting form localized tissue breakdown?

ulcer

What is spread by coming into contact with water contaminated with feces?

hepatitis e

What is the part of the large intestine that follows the small intestine?

ascending colon

What is the inability to swallow?

aphasia

What is the condition in which liver cells degenerate and surrounding connective tissues thicken?

cirrhosis

Because of their location, swollen palatine tonsils may interfere with what?

both breathing and swallowing

What is the function of gastrin, which is secreted by stomach cells?

increase the secretions of the gastric glands

How can hepatitis b be transmitted?

sexual activity, blood transfusions, and saliva

What do salivary glands secrete?

saliva

In what does the appendix become inflamed and infected?

appendicitis

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